International

Not just in the US have deer become an issue– and not just deer

  • South Africa’s Robben Island to cull 400 deer, BBC, June 22, 2017South Africa’s Robben Island will cull 400 fallow deer which have overrun the island, officials have told the BBC. “We treasure all of the island’s natural resources and protecting them is our greatest priority. We look forward to them thriving once more.”
  • Fallow deer, a declared pest, culled after causing destruction on Fleurieu Peninsula, The Times, June 15, 2017“As a result of this helicopter operation, which was achieved in just under nine hours, we’ve substantially reduced the core population and with it, the breeding potential for 2017.” The helicopter shoot is one component of the deer control program on the Fleurieu Peninsula. Authorised ground shooting is also conducted in Second Valley Forest Reserve and on private properties year-round. Dr Harper said pest animals were the cause of both economic and environmental damage and she underlined the responsibilities of both private landowners and public land managers to control pest animals such as feral deer on their land.
  • Japanese women are entering the male-dominated world of hunting — at the government’s request, Businesss Insider, May 23, 2017Since the late 1990s, the deer population in Japan has shot up over 650%, from less than 400,000 to more than three million. Japanese women are entering the male-dominated world of hunting — at the government’s request Reuters reports that local Japanese governments are recruiting women through social media to enter the male-dominated world of hunting.
  • Plans for habitat and wildlife conservation need to consider the risk of Lyme disease, University of Glasgow, May 9, 2017Lead author Dr Caroline Millins, from the University of Glasgow’s School of Veterinary Medicine and Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine (BAHCM), said: “We identified several widespread conservation management practices which could affect Lyme disease risk: the management of deer populations, woodland regeneration, urban greening and control of invasive species.
  • Plans for habitat and wildlife conservation need to consider the risk of Lyme disease, Phys.org, May 7, 2017“We found that some management activities could lead to an increased risk of Lyme disease by increasing the habitat available for wildlife hosts and the tick vector. These activities were woodland regeneration and biodiversity policies which increase the amount of forest bordering open areas as well as urban greening. “However, if deer populations are managed alongside woodland regeneration projects, this can reduce tick populations and the risk of Lyme disease.”
    Deer are often key to maintaining tick populations, but do not become infected with the bacteria.
  • Wild deer are behind rise in Lyme disease, doctors warn, The Times, May 1, 2017Rising numbers of wild deer could be behind a tenfold increase in Lyme disease, which is transmitted to humans by tick bites and can cause paralysis, meningitis and heart failure.
  • Soaring deer numbers are behind growing problem of Lyme disease, warn experts, Telegraph, April 29, 2017Britain’s soaring deer population is fuelling the growing problem of Lyme disease, scientists have warned. The disease is transmitted through ticks which feed on deer, and then can be picked up by dogs and their owners when they walk through woodland.
  • Environmental charities back action to control deer numbers, The Press and Journal, April 29, 2017Scottish Environment Link, RSPB Scotland, National Trust for Scotland, Ramblers Scotland, Scottish Wildlife Trust, Trees for Life, Woodland Trust Scotland and John Muir Trust have all signed up for increased control. The group has called for the Scottish Government to move forward towards a modernised system they say will help deliver national targets on bio-diversity, climate change and woodland expansion. They have backed the Environment Climate Change and Land Reform (ECCLR) committee report, which criticizes the failure of the current system to protect important habitats because too many deer are damaging native woodland.
  • Effects of conservation management of landscapes and vertebrate communities on Lyme borreliosis risk in the United Kingdom, Transactions of the Royal Society, April 24, 2017
      Deer can feed large numbers of adult female ticks, which then lay eggs and produce the next generation of immature ticks, and deer are thus termed ‘tick reproduction hosts’ [39]. A great many studies have shown that deer can be instrumental in maintaining tick populations, such that areas with more deer also have more ticks [12,19,40–51] although there is some uncertainty in the precise relationship between deer density and tick density [52]. Some of these studies specifically tested the impact of deer management methods and, when deer numbers were reduced through culling or fencing, there were dramatic declines in the tick population.
    • Norway plans to exterminate a large reindeer herd to stop a fatal infectious brain disease, Science, April 3, 2017Last week, Norway’s minister of agriculture and food gave the green light for hunters to kill off the entire herd in which three infected individuals were found, about 2000 reindeer, or nearly 6% of the country’s wild population. “We have to take action now,” says Karen Johanne Baalsrud, director of plant and animal health at the Norwegian Food Safety Authority in Oslo. The deer’s habitat will be quarantined for at least 5 years to prevent reinfection. The odds of a successful eradication, experts say, will depend largely on how long CWD has been present in Norway.
    • Legislation aimed at protecting natural environment from deer ‘not fit for purpose’, warn MSPs, Hollyrood, April 3, 2-17Legislation aimed at protecting the natural environment from deer impacts is not fit for purpose, according to a new report from the Scottish Parliament’s Environment, Climate Change and Land Reform Committee. The report, which outlines changes that must be made to the way in which wild deer are managed, monitored and culled if Scotland is to achieve its biodiversity targets by 2020, found that 50 per cent of Deer Management Groups are not delivering an effective plan on the ground.

    • Lynx revolt: Battle over bid to let big cats loose in a forest idyll to help control the local deer population divides a rural community, Daily Mail, Feb 3, 2017The move to bring the Eurasian lynx into Kielder Forest, Northumberland, is designed to reinvigorate the habitat and help control the deer population. But the idea has divided locals, with farmers worried the six animals, due to be imported from Sweden, will kill sheep. The wild cats, which need to eat around 4.5lb of meat a day, were last seen across Britain in 700AD.
    • Deer damaging parks on west side of Windsor, CBC News, Feb 1, 2017A naturalist with the City of Windsor says deer are damaging parks, and the city is contemplating how to handle the problem. Karen Cedar says the city is still gathering information to determine how many deer can be sustained in the natural areas on the west side of Windsor.
    • Ontario First Nation helping in deer cull, part of plan to help species at risk, Western Star, Jan 13, 2017On Friday, part of the restoration continues when about 20 band members along with Parks Canada staff will fan out across the point and start to cull a herd of white-tailed deer that has been eating its way through the rare forest and savannah. This is the third iteration of the program, according to Lindsay Rodger, the park’s resource conservation manager. Preparatory work began in mid-December when a team went up in a small helicopter to count the deer. They found 84. When they started the program in 2015, there were 192 deer in the park, Rodger says. In 2010, before they began a moratorium on deer culling, there were about 60 deer [found], Rodger says.
    • Deer cull to begin in southwestern Ontario national park on Friday, Toronto Metro, Jan 11, 2017Parks Canada says it will begin a deer cull on Friday in an overpopulated national park in southwestern Ontario. The federal agency says “population reduction” is part of a multi-year plan to restore the ecosystems in Point Pelee National Park.
    • Point Pelee National Park closing to hold deer cull, Windsor Star, Jan 12, 2017The white-tailed deer, which no longer have natural predators in the park, are considered a serious threat to forest and savannah ecosystems at the park. The munching deer are jeopardizing park plans to restore the Lake Erie Sandspit Savannah, a globally rare ecosystem that supports 25 per cent of the species at risk in the park, a Parks Canada release said Tuesday.
    • 3 Interior B.C. communities get provincial funding for urban deer culls, CBCNews, Dec 11, 2016“We always need permission from the province [to cull or relocate deer],” Taft said. “We always felt that the province should be at the table as the funders, that they should be helping to fund these solutions.” The city has also experimented with relocation programs, tagging and moving 13 deer out of the city in 2016.
      Taft says the results were mixed. The deer took to the relocation better than expected, but several have already ended up back in town.
    • Birth control plan for Oak Bay deer hits snag, CBCnews, Dec 9, 2016Last month, Oak Bay Council asked for $20,000 from the province. Communities elsewhere in the province have received provincial funding for deer culls.
    • 2016 urban deer cull and research grants announced, TMTV/BCTV, Dec 9, 2017Under the Provincial Urban Deer Cost-Share Program, government is providing up to $100,000 in cost-share funding, to a maximum of $20,000 per eligible community, for projects that focus on deer culls and research into population control methods such as relocation and immuno-contraception.

    • Deer population causing mayhem in Magrath, Lethebridge Herald, Dec 5, 2016Magrath council expressed frustration over an apparent lack of response by the provincial environment minister over the issue of a large white-tail deer population that has plagued the area for decades.
    • Tasmania’s wild deer: Aerial culling not the best solution, former Greens leader Bob Brown says, ABC News, Nov 29, 2016“Instead of proceeding with the recreational deer shooting and crop protection as it is, [we want] the Government to organise a statewide reduction,” she said.
    • Domino’s is training reindeer to deliver pizzas in Japan, MLive, Nov 28, 2016Domino’s employees can be seen putting pizza boxes on the reindeer and showing off the inner-workings of the GPS devices attached to the animal’s backs. Employees can then track the reindeer’s whereabouts with a smart phone.
    • Buck chasing doe causes chain-reaction crash on Pat Bay Highway, Vancouver Island News, Oct 26, 2016 According to witnesses, a car crash was triggered by a buck chasing a doe into traffic in Saanich Wednesday – just two days after an aggressive deer attacked a woman and her dog on the South Island. The chain-reaction crash occurred on the Pat Bay Highway near McKenzie Avenue in the afternoon, sending people in two vehicles to hospital with minor injuries.
    • As deer control fails, time to call in professionals, Weekly Times, Sept 15 2016Australia: THE Government’s outsourcing of deer control to recreational hunters has failed. It’s time to try a new approach.
      There’s been little scientific research into deer in Australia, but it’s accepted that populations are growing fast and spreading into new areas. Last year students at Mullum Primary in suburban Ringwood were terrorised by a 200kg deer, which was eventually shot dead.
    • Prince Charles Crashes Into Deer at Royal Family’s Holiday Estate in Scotland, ENews, Sept 15, 2016The famous royal was driving his car, an Audi, through the Queen Elizabeth II’s Balmoral Estate over the weekend when he collided with a deer. While the state of the deer is still unknown, reports indicate the prince was left shaken but thankfully unharmed following the collision.
    • Mass cull of 3,000 deer in Dutch dunes can go ahead, court rules, Dutch News, Aug 30, 2016Noord-Holland province has come up with well-supported arguments in favour of the cull and there is no alternative way of reducing the deer population significantly, the court said on Tuesday. The province wants to reduce the deer population from 3,800 to around 1,000 over a five-year period. The province says the large deer population is damaging the dune biodiversity and that the animals cause accidents. Last year there were 61 collisions between deer and cars.
    • Lynx could return to UK forests after 1,300 years under plans to ‘rewild’ the countryside to control the deer population, Daily Mail, July 25, 2016As part of the trial, around 5 to 10 wild lynx will be released for a five year period. The wild cats need to eat around 2kg of meat a day to survive, and are expected to kill wild deer to eat. The reintroduced lynx are expected to kill around 998 [deer] over the five year period.
    • Graubünden increases deer cull this autumn, The Local, July 7, 2016Hunters in the canton of Graubünden will be granted permission to kill more deer than ever this autumn in an attempt by the authorities to control the deer population in the area.
    • Deer hunting in Kenting urged, Taipai Times, July 2, 2016The Formosan sika deer was listed as critically endangered in 1974, but after a restoration program there are now about 2,000 on the Hengchun Peninsula. After 30 years of conservation work, the population of wild Formosan sika deer in the park has reached about 2,000. The government has been urged to consider allowing the hunting of Formosan sika deer in Kenting National Park, because the project to reintroduce the deer to the area has proven so successful that they are beginning to cause damage to the park’s ecology and nearby agriculture.
    • Chinese drones to count Japanese deer, Nikkei, June 25, 2016The project aims to acquire an accurate estimate of the number of sika deer. Data obtained will be used by the hunting association, Dainihon Ryoyukai, to help control the population of the animal, as the deer cause serious damage to crops across the nation.
    • Trust deer culling plans for 2016, John Muir Trust (Scotland), June 28, 2016The Trust is committed to transparency about its deer management plans across its properties as it strives to protect our natural heritage and regenerate native woodlands and has today released a table of its proposed culls across the land it manages in the coming year.
    • Meat of the Matter: Humans vs. habitat, Drovers, May 23, 2016Over the long term, Nature does a reliable job of maintaining eco-librium — only in harsh and brutal fashion. When a population of animals exceeds the carrying capacity of its habitat, disease and starvation soon reduce their numbers in ways arguably far more painful than hiring trained hunters. Either way, the balancing act of maintaining manageable populations of wildlife, while urban development continues its relentless expansion, is a challenge that’s not going anyway anytime soon. The only question mark is whether man or Nature will do the killing.
    • Truro couple wants their property divested of problem deer, Truro Daily News, May 18, 2016“These are tame and have no fear, leaving us to wonder what they will do next,” she said. “This winter my five-year-old granddaughter was trying to build a snowman when a deer came and took the carrot out of her hand.”
    • Deer driven to autobahn’s next exit in ‘weapon-free eviction’, DW, May 11, 2016A team of 12 “hunters” and 25 road maintenance employees were deployed by the Ministry of Transport in the northern German state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania to drive out the deer. The original plan to cull the animals was canceled following resistance from the state’s enviornment ministry.
    • Ticks carrying Lyme disease spreading in Eastern Ontario Sun, April 27, 2016Of the 40 or so tick species in Canada, the ones that worry most people, are called deer ticks. These transmit Lyme disease when they bite animals and humans. Though named for deer, they may be more common as parasites on mice and other rodents. When Wayne Knee was an undergraduate early in this century, he recalls that the accepted view was that “deer ticks were virtually unheard-of in Canada.” But since then they have spread through this region, and even farther north.
    • A contagious brain disease has hit Norway’s reindeer, and scientists are afraid of it spreading, Quartz, April 23, 2016What’s more baffling is that nobody knows how the disease got there. CWD was thought to be restricted to deer, elk, and moose in the US and South Korea. Though it’s theoretically possible that it jumped from another species in Norway (such as cows) to the reindeer, there are no previous known cases of that happening. The other possibility is that it just arose spontaneously—a protein misfolding into a prion by pure chance.
    • Wildlife organisations ‘not opposed’ to culling for deer management, Irish Farmers Journal, April 20, 2016The Irish Wildlife Trust and Wild Deer Association of Ireland are calling for a ‘proper’ management plan for the country’s deer herd, saying that they would not be opposed to culling as a last resort.
    • ‘The deer population has reached unacceptable and intolerable levels’, AgriLand, April 20, 2016How many more farmers livelihoods are going to be put at stake and motorists safety jeopardised before the political leadership is shown to address what has now become a national problem, but is at its most critical in Wicklow?
    • Deadly animal prion disease appears in Europe, Nature, April 18, 2016A highly contagious and deadly animal brain disorder has been detected in Europe for the first time. Scientists are now warning that the single case found in a wild reindeer might represent an unrecognized, widespread infection. Chronic wasting disease (CWD) was thought to be restricted to deer, elk (Cervus canadensis) and moose (Alces alces) in North America and South Korea, but on 4 April researchers announced that the disease had been discovered in a free-ranging reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) in Norway. This is both the first time that CWD has been found in Europe and the first time that it has been found in this species in the wild anywhere in the world.
    • Deer culling on Illawarra Escarpment to be easier if species changed from game to pest, Illawarra Mercury, April 8, 2016The Greens have welcomed a push to reclassify deer as a pest species, a move which would make it easier to cull them in numbers around the Illawarra Escarpment. It comes after a new report found deer were the “most important emerging pest animal threat”, and tougher measures were needed against pest animals. The NSW Natural Resources Commission’s report found deer had caused nine fatalities and about 100 collisions with trains in the Illawarra. The commission recommended deer be declared a pest species.
    • The first detection of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in Europe, CWD-Info.org, April 5, 2015The Norwegian Veterinary Institute has diagnosed Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in a free-ranging reindeer from the Nordfjella population in South-Norway. The disease is well known in North America; however this is the first detection of CWD in Europe.
      The sick female reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) was detected in the middle of March 2016 in connection with capture for GPS-collaring using helicopter performed by the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA. It died and the carcass was submitted to the Norwegian Veterinary Institute in Oslo for necropsy and laboratory examinations. It was an adult animal, says wildlife pathologist Turid Vikøren at Norwegian Veterinary Institute, who performed the necropsy.
    • The return of the lynx, BBC News, March 28, 2016O’Donoghue, though, thinks the threat to British sheep is minimal. He describes the lynx as a “deer specialist” – it can be used to control excessive numbers of roe and muntjac deer – and a “forest ambush predator”.
    • Italy’s Famed Wine Region a War Zone, Invaded by Boars and Others, New York Times, March 7, 2016Wine growers and farmers here say that population now threatens a delicate Tuscan ecosystem, in addition to provoking hundreds of car accidents a year and damaging the production of their treasured Chianti Classico.
      In February, after years of lamenting, the region approved a law aimed at drastically reducing the number of wild boars and deer over the next three years, bringing the population to around 150,000 from over 400,000 today.

    • Deer incident at St. Brieux School Wednesday, “At about 5 o’clock last night (Wednesday, March 2) a teacher had heard the commotion, she went down thinking that something had happened because of the construction that is on site. She heard a loud smash and crash. Went down and looked in the classroom and saw the deer,” Garinger said.
    • Nara to allow some deer to be culled under new management policy,The Japan Times, March 3, 2016On Tuesday, the Nara Prefectural Government put an end to years of controversy over the issue, with a panel of experts concluding that it will redefine areas where deer must be protected. Capturing and culling of deer in other areas of the city will be permitted for the first time, though the prefectural government must submit a detailed plan in advance to the Cultural Affairs Agency, according to a Nara government official.
    • No one bats an eyelid at the eradication of the rat. But badger ‘control’ provokes howls of outrage. What’s behind our attitude to animals?, The Herald, Feb 15, 2016No one is batting an eyelid at the death of the rats. And why should they? As well as posing a major threat to rare and beautiful seabirds, rats spread disease, cause damage and have nasty naked tails that send a shiver up the spine.

      The contradictions over animals and the degree of protection they are afforded by man, extend to many other species. This week, for instance, an animal rights group suggested that instead of culling deer in Britain’s Royal Parks the females should be darted with a contraceptive. Lesley Dove, from the Stop the Deer Cull group, claimed the annual cull – which sees around 300 year a year taken from two parks in Richmond – was ‘cruel and caused a huge amount of stress to the surviving animals’. Yet deer stalking is carried out all over the country and the resulting venison is snapped up by chefs and butchers, while foresters and farmers supporting culling for the good of the herd and the countryside. Deer may have a very different reputation from the rat – and are far prettier – but few people balk at experts with high-powered rifles keeping numbers in check.
    • Serological evidence of tick-borne encephalitis virus infection in moose and deer in Finland: sentinels for virus circulation, Biomed Central, Jan 29, 2016The incidence of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in humans has increased in Finland, and the disease has emerged in new foci.
      Nine (0.74 %) of 1213 moose and one (0.74 %) of 135 white-tailed deer were found seropositive for TBEV. A close geographical congruence between seropositive cervids and recently reported human TBE cases was observed: nine of the ten seropositive animals were from known endemic areas.
    • Deer Culling, Attadale, Wester RossToday the culling of deer is based much more on the welfare of the deer herd and their impact on the surrounding habitat. A collaborative approach to their management has been developed with the formation of ‘Deer Management Groups’ (DMG’s). These originated in the Highlands but are now found all over Scotland. These groups, which are voluntary bodies, tend to cover areas where there are distinctive herds and can range from a few to a large number of separate land holdings.
    • Ticks that carry Lyme disease live in almost half of US counties – study, The Guardian, Jan 18, 2016Ticks that can carry the debilitating illness Lyme disease have significantly spread across the US over the past 20 years and are now found in nearly half of all American counties, including areas where they have never previously been documented, a new analysis has found.
    • Tuscan wine makers back cull of 250,000 wild boar and deer, Telegraph, Jan 18, 2016 The makers of Chianti Classico are complaining that their vineyards are under nightly assault from the animals, particularly wild boar. Tuscany’s regional government wants to allow the culling of 250,000 wild boar, roe deer and fallow deer over the next three years in order to reduce the pressure on the agriculture sector.
    • Point Pelee National Park in Leamington – temporarily closed, Birding News, Jan 16, 2016The reason for the closure is that Parks Canada and Caldwell First Nation will be conducting a deer population reduction in the park for a second year as part of a multi-year plan to restore ecosystems at Point Pelee National Park. Hyperabundant deer are a serious threat to forest and savannah ecosystems at Point Pelee National Park. Through over-browsing, the deer in the park are threatening the health of the Carolinian Forest which is home to many Species at Risk such as Dwarf Hackberry and Red Mulberry trees. Heavy browsing by deer is also jeopardizing park efforts to restore the Lake Erie Sandspit Savannah, a globally rare ecosystem that supports 25% of the Species at Risk in the park.
    • Fujitsu wants to fix Japan’s deer problem with software, Engadget, Jan 18, 2016Fujitsu is teaming up with a Japanese forest research institute to learn how animal populations grow. The pair will look into Sika deer, a creature that’s causing plenty of environmental damage due to overgrazing. Traditionally, these sorts of studies require a manual survey and plenty of theoretical calculations, but Fujitsu is hoping to build software that is significantly more accurate. The eventual plan is that this project can help conservationists prepare effective defenses to ensure the deer don’t cause permanent harm.
    • Could wild lynxes be the answer to Plymouth’s deer population problem?, The Herald, Jan 14, 2016The benefits of reintroducing wild lynx to Britain is to be discussed at a lecture in Plymouth on Friday. Experts believe the lynx, which died out in the UK 1,500 years ago, could be a great way to control the deer population. They say the lynx still roams parts of Europe and there are no records of them ever attacking people.
    • Fresh clash in Highland deer cull row, The Press and Journal, Jan 14, 2016the JMT said thousands of deer die a painful death of starvation every year on hillsides because of overpopulation – and that the gamekeepers were trying to “deflect attention” from scrutiny as Scotland ponders greater land reform.
    • Oh deer: a tricky conservation problem for Tasmania, The Conversation, Jan 6, 2016Deer were introduced into Australia in the 19th century for hunting. There are now six species roaming wild, and their numbers are increasing dramatically as their population expands and through human action. As they spread, they raise uncomfortable issues for conservation.
      From a current population estimated at 25,000, modelling suggests deer could increase by 40% in the next decade. That would mean up to a million animals by mid century without additional management.
    • Warnings over growing danger of deer on Hampshire roads, Hampshire Chronicle, Oct 22, 2015“Between 40,000 and 75,000 deer are killed on the roads every year, according to the AA, and the size of the animals means these accidents can result in serious injuries to car users, as well as creating extensive damage to vehicles.
    • Brian Hutchinson: After cull enrages ‘Save Bambi’ crowd, B.C. creates $100k/year ‘advisory committee’ on urban deer, National Post, Sept 28, 2015Oak Bay residents are conflicted about their urban deer, which number in the dozens — if not hundreds — and get into all kinds of trouble. Garden pilferage, traffic accidents, sometimes pet homicide. The cleanest, most sensible solution is to shoot problem deer, and whenever possible to butcher the carcasses and give the meat to community groups, First Nations and whomever else might have a taste for venison.
    • Wilsons Promontory National Park to close for three days in August, as hunters target feral deer, Age.com Victoria, July 31, 2015 (Australia)The Wilsons Promontory shooting program brings to five the number of national parks or reserves across Victoria where Parks Victoria has introduced a deer culling program over the last 12-18 months. The Alpine National Park and the Dandenong Ranges National Park are two of the parks where shooting programs have been launched. In the Alpine National Park, deer are damaging vulnerable spaghnum bogs at the head of waterways.
    • Farmed deer could be future of cull: Victoria councillor Chris Coleman, CBC News, March 11, 2015The idea comes from one of Victoria’s sister cities, Napier, New Zealand, which experienced a boom in urban deer fifty years ago. “They captured the deer and put them in a paddock or a field and surprise, surprise, they bred. They realized there was an opportunity,” he said, saying New Zealand now exports hundreds of millions of dollars worth of venison each year.
    • Lynx could roam our woods again: Experts want wild cat reintroduced after 1,300 years to help control the deer population, Daily Mail, March 8, 2015 Experts want to release lynx, which prey mainly on deer, into woodland in Norfolk, Cumbria and Aberdeenshire as part of an ambitious ‘rewilding’ scheme. Although the animals would be introduced onto privately owned estates, the woodland would be unfenced, meaning the 70lb animals could roam free around the countryside. Scientists argue that introducing lynx will benefit the ecosystem, by helping control the 1million UK deer population, as well as boosting the tourist economy. But the move is controversial and likely to be opposed by farmers worried about the animals savaging their livestock and game birds.
    • Deer scares Princeton family, stomps on pet dogs, CBC News British Columbia, Feb 26, 2015When Christie let her dogs out just after dusk on Tuesday, she saw a deer had jumped the fence into the yard on the family’s Princeton, B.C., property. The family’s small shih tzu mix chased the deer. Instead of running away, the animal starting stomping on the dog, McIvor said. “It was on its back legs. Its hooves were in the air and it was pounding the little dog,” she said. McIvor says the deer then attacked the family’s pit bull terrier, and when Christie tried to rescue the shih tzu, the deer charged at her.
    • Oh deer, oh deer. Proposed cull of 10 Deer at Leighton MossRSPB Liverpool, Feb 5, 2015The decision to control deer has not been taken lightly and we are not alone in having to do this. Deer control is a legal and widely undertaken part of countryside management in Lancashire, Cumbria and elsewhere in the UK. We have a legal responsibility to maintain and improve the condition of the nationally important wildlife habitats at Leighton Moss, and the deer control will be carried out as part of a wider landscape scale deer management programme in the area.
    • Deer Scat Statue Poo-Poos City’s Work to Thin Urban Deer Population, Breitbart News, Feb 7, 2015City officials say someone last month left a statue of a deer decorated in deer scat on the steps of City Hall, as an expression of displeasure with the growing population of city’s four-legged interlopers, the Canadian Broadcasting Corp. reported Wednesday.
    • St. Andrews considers hunt to control deer population, CBCNews, New Brunswick, Jan 29, 2015Kingsbrae Garden plagued by hungry deer. “Last year, last winter, we suffered over $150,000 in damage alone. For a horticultural garden to lose those valuable plants and 100-year-old hedges, it’s quite devastating to us.”
      Despite fencing the entire property and other measures, Henderson said, it’s not uncommon to see more than 20 deer inside the garden.
    • 100 deer to be culled at Point Pelee National Park, CBCNews, Jan 8, 2015One hundred deer need to be eliminated from Point Pelee National Park, in Leamington, Ont., so a deer cull will begin Jan. 12 in effort to trim the park’s deer population. Park superintendent Karen Linauskas estimates there are 130 deer in the park. She says the park can sustain a maximum of 32 deer. Linauskas said the park has about four or five square kilometres of appropriate vegetation for deer and, ideally, there would be between six and eight deer per square kilometre.
    • Deer cull – Royal Parks advice, Friends of Richmond Park, Oct 30, 2014If animals were not removed, food would become scarce and more animals would ultimately suffer. Without population control there would be other welfare issues such as low body fat, malnutrition and high incidence of death from exposure to cold in winter. Attempting to maintain too many deer within a restricted park area would soon lead to a build-up of parasites and other pathogens causing disease in the deer.
    • Hunters invited to Montreal’s Heron Island to control deer population, CBC News, Montreal, Oct 18. 2014Quebec says deer are damaging ecosystem on small island facing Verdun and Lasalle. Ten years ago one male and two female deer arrived on Heron Island. The most recent survey shows there are 46 living here now.
    • Major wild deer cull ‘urgently needed’ to combat TB – IFA, Cases of bovine TB rise sharply, Irish News, June 7, 2014
    • Professional shooters will cull deer in Yarra Ranges parks to protect endangered wildlife, Leader, Melbourne, March 5, 2014Friends of the Helmeted Honeyeater Group president Bob Anderson said the culling program was needed to save the highly-endangered animals living in the Yellingbo reserve.
      “I think it has to happen if we want to keep the Helmeted Honeyeater birds and Leadbeater’s possum in the reserve,” Mr Anderson said.
      “We need to have the natural habitat and they (the deer) destroy it.”
      Dr Dan Harley from Zoos Victoria said the Leadbeater’s possum population in the reserve had declined to just 40 and habitat restoration was the key to saving the species at the site.
    • Deer to be culled by hunters in parks, including Sherbrooke Forest, Sydney Morning Herald, March 5, 2014 Hunters will be authorised to shoot and kill up to 220 deer at three parks near Melbourne under a culling program to be managed by Parks Victoria.
    • Cull one million deer a year to stop them from devastating woodland, wildflowers and crops, say experts, Lebanon News Beirut, March 7, 2013
    • Deer: 50% cull ‘necessary to protect countryside’, BBC News, 6 March 2013In the absence of natural predators deer populations are continuing to expand, threatening biodiversity and causing road traffic accidents and crop damage, say researchers. Dr Paul Dolman, ecologist at the University of East Anglia and lead author, said: “We know deer are eating out the… vegetation of important woodlands, including ancient woodlands. “Deer are implicated as the major cause of unfavourable conditions in terms of woodland structure and regeneration. “There is evidence that deer reduce the number of woodland birds – especially some of our much loved migrant birds species like Blackcap and Nightingale, and resident species like Willow Tit. We have a problem.”

      The new research suggested that only by killing 50% to 60% of deer can their numbers be kept under reasonable control.
    • Deer cull: why half of Britain’s 1.5 million animals must die, The Week, March 7, 2013
    • First in-depth UK deer census highlights need for increased culls, Phys.org, March 7, 2013Half of the Britains deer population needs to be culled to preserve woodlands and birdlife, said a scientific study published on Thursday.
    • Deer cull in parks strongly supported by conservation groups, The Age, Australia, March 6, 2014Deer were responsible for substantial damage inside Sherbrooke Forest, a part of the Dandenong Ranges National Park renowned for its lyrebird population.
      Mr Maisey said deer had trampled and stripped away ground ferns back to bare muddy earth in some places and severely damaged creek banks.
    • Roe deer numbers ‘changing woodland ecosystems’, BBC News, Jan 2013
    • Deer cull in parks strongly supported by conservation groups, WA Today, March 6, 2014
    • One dog killed and others injured as deer attacks on increase – pet owners warned, Evening Standard, June 11, 2012One dog, believed to be a King Charles spaniel puppy, has been killed, while others have required veterinary treatment and a woman was taken to hospital after being knocked down by a deer.

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