North Carolina

Bow hunters may be allowed to hunt within Winston-Salem under proposal to allow urban deer hunting, Winston-Salem Journal, March 2, 2019A proposal to allow deer hunting with a bow and arrow in some parts of Winston-Salem is making its way through the corridors of city hall, with a decision on whether to allow it and where possible as early as March.

Reidsville approves urban archery in city limits, Rockingham Now, May 2, 2018Reidsville will soon allow hunters to help control the massive deer population in city limits through the use of bows and arrows, following a 5-2 vote by the city council. In the last three years, there have been 136 deer-related accidents on the roadways within city limits, causing an estimated $230,335 in property damage, he said.

Plane hits deer while taking off from Charlotte-Douglas Airport, Fox, Feb 15, 2017FAA officials said that PSA Airlines 5320, a CRJ 700 aircraft returned to the airport about 12:15 p.m. after declaring an emergency. The crew reported striking a deer on take off from Runway 36 Center shortly before noon. Forty-four passengers were on board at the time, according to officials with American Airlines. All people on board were evacuated and taken to the airport terminal on airport buses.

Deer crashes through car’s windshield, lands in passenger seat,, June 3, 2016Witnesses told police on scene the yearling had apparently bounced off one vehicle before collided with a second. The deer went through the person’s windshield, into the passenger side, and onto the floorboard.

Bald Head Island completes third season of non-lethal deer herd control, StatePortPilot, May 11, 2016The one-of-a-kind effort to manage Bald Head Island’s deer herd has ended its third season after capturing and inoculating 36 does, exceeding expectations, the Bald Head Island Conservancy reported. The U.S. Department of Agriculture recently confirmed that Bald Head Island is the only community using the immunocontraceptive GonaCon on a wild deer population, making it a test case for non-lethal control.

By expanding the darting time-frame, the deer team left fewer than 30 viable does in the Bald Head Island population. Ending the season with 36 doe captures—22 new does and 14 recaptures—the population censuses estimate a range of 58 to 73 does on the island and a total of 44 currently living does that have been inoculated at least once during the past three seasons.

“Bald Head Island is a very difficult setting to perform this type of project, but we made it happen,” said Wood. “Food is available year-round, so the does are not as motivated by food as they would be in other areas. The maritime forest is also very thick, so we have to use transmitter darts which restricts our shooting distance.”
Control Hunting Used On Emerald Isle Deer Population, Coastal NC News, Jan 15, 2016“North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission has basically recommended that the town seek to remove anywhere from 30 to 50 deer per year,” said Frank Rush, Emerald Isle Town Manager. The hunt is performed only through the Emerald Isle Police Department using bows and arrows.

Bald Head deer to receive birth control injections, Star News Online, Jan 6, 2016Through March, a portion of the island’s does will receive a dose of Gonacon, a immunocontraception developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Wildlife Services. Dart guns will be used to anesthetize the does as they arrive at bait stations placed throughout the island. Once vaccinated, they will receive a drug to counteract the anesthesia and ear tags for identification.

The deer also will be outfitted with radio transmitters to monitor their health and make it easier for officials to locate the inoculated does next year to administer a booster shot that completes the sterilization. The transmitters will be removed next year once the booster shot has been administered.

Urban hunting to start in Clayton next year, Clayton News-Star, February 16, 2015 Starting next year, Clayton residents can hunt deer with bow and arrow in the town limits. During the state’s urban archery season in January and February, residents who buy a town hunting permit can kill deer on private property at least 5 acres in size. The properties eligible for hunting can be one parcel or a group of neighboring parcels, according to an ordinance approved this month by the Clayton Town Council. Hunters must shoot at least nine feet above ground level and toward the interior of the property they are hunting on. They can’t shoot within 150 feet of a house or road right-of-way, unless it’s their own house.

Culling Remains at Center of Debate for Deer Task Force, The Pilot, Nov 5, 2014Michael Black, a member of the deer task force who is helping author the section on culling, said during its meeting Wednesday morning that at 44 municipalities in North Carolina have urban archery programs for culling deer, including Chapel Hill, Nags Head, Jefferson and Charlotte. He said there have been no safety problems with those programs.

Report: Thin Village Deer Herd, The Pilot, Nov 13, 2014Pinehurst should reduce the urban deer herd through a “selective” hunting program, according to a village task force’s final report. That report, which now goes to the Village Council for consideration, says any culling program “should be highly controlled and managed” by the Police Department, “using a selective group of “highly trained archery and/or firearms professionals and after thorough evaluation” of the information compiled by the task force over the nearly three months of work.

Population-control effort on hold after one tagged deer found off island,, Oct 29, 2014A buck tagged on the island was observed at Carolina Beach the week of October 13. The Bald Head Island experiment tranquilizes deer, then doses does with a contraceptive drug called GonaCon. One of the cornerstones of the experiment is that deer have not before been shown to migrate off Bald Head Island.

“Although GonaCon, the birth control vaccine, does not affect humans that consume deer, the anesthetizing agent potentially could,” the conservancy stated. “Safety for humans, pets and wildlife is a top priority for this project and for all partners. Since the anesthetizing agent is the main cause for concern, partners in the project are exploring alternative methods to continue the deer management project. The conservancy hopes to provide an update on options to the community within a couple weeks.”

Round two for deer birth control plan on Bald Head, Port City Daily, Feb 27, 2014Culling as such was effective and affordable, village and BHIC officials noted; a village survey that went out to the island’s property owners in 2011 found agreement from most respondents that the sharpshoot method was more practical. Still, the non-lethal advocates pushed on.

Durham approves urban bowhunting of deer, The Durham Voice, Nov 14, 2013
The Office of the Duke Forest has found that the excess deer are damaging the plant diversity and other wildlife in the forest according to a study conducted in 2005. All hunters participating in the program understand they are hunting for the intention of limiting the amount of deer and must record information about the demographics of the deer they shoot. Hunters have found that the deer in Duke Forest are actually getting healthier because of this reduction program.

Bald Head Island finishes deer cull, wwwayNews, Jan 11, 2013 Bald Head Island has finished a cull of the island’s deer population. It’s the first step in the village’s plan to launch a birth control program for the animals. The Village of Bald Head Island partnered with the Bald Head Island Conservancy and island residents to prepare for the possible launching of an immuno-contraception program for managing white tail deer on the island. The BHI Conservancy is helping organize and raise the roughly $60,000 in private donations needed for the first year of operations.

Deer Control is a Divisive Issue in Raleigh-Durham,, 2011?Duke’s decision to reduce the population was made with the research needs of the university in mind and data from several ecological impact surveys. Other communities are finding the decision-making process more difficult and in many cases more emotional.

Human influences on white-tailed deer populations, Duke University, 2005?The proliferation of white-tailed deer has had great consequences on ecosystems across the U.S. Scientists estimate that when densities of deer are greater than twenty per square mile, then the animals may degrade ecosystems (Revkin 2002). As herbivores, herds of deer may browse tree seedlings and prevent regeneration, change the dominant tree species through their grazing selection, and reduce species richness (Russel et al. 2001). For example, a decrease in Canada yew in eastern North America is predominately due to deer browsing (Allison 1990). Eastern hemlock and white cedar are also very susceptible to deer grazing (Alverson et al. 1988). Deer may also alter stem densities. For instance, several studies have shown that unbrowsed trees and shrubs often have smaller stem densities than browsed plants (Russel et al. 2001).
Deer also influence herbaceous plants. Deer may first affect the growth rate of plants. For instance, one study in Minnesota found that deer decreased the mean leaf area of the perennial herb Trillium grandiflorum. In areas of deer density greater than 25 deer/km2, the Trillium population was skewed towards smaller plants. In addition, deer grazing caused a 50% decrease in Trillium reproduction (Augustine & Frelich 1998).

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