This month

May 2018

CDC apologizes for hiding ticks on a poppyseed muffin to warn of Lyme disease threat, USAToday, May 8, 2018The images from last week showed a poppyseed muffin, that paragon of American breakfast pastries, with no fewer than five blood-sucking arachnids hidden on top. It’s part of a CDC effort to warn Americans of tick-borne infections such as Lyme disease that the agency said are on the rise.

DEC Wildlife Biologist Provides Deer Management Presentation, Options for City, WRFA, May 8, 2018The Jamestown City Council learned more about the causes of the area’s growing deer population and what can be done to try and reduce it during a presentation Monday night during a council work session. “The basic way to encourage hunting and to facilitate population reduction through hunting is to give hunters property access in areas where the deer are. So from a city perspective, one way to increase access is to remove the ordinance [that bans hunting within city limits]” and allow hunters access to residents’ lands with the permission of the property owner. Other options include instituting a culling program, which involves various steps such as baiting, night time hunting, and even capture and killing the animals.

Near and deer: Grants awarded for Upper Peninsula habitat projects, Iron Mountain Daily, May 7, 2018The Michigan Department of Natural Resources has awarded $100,000 in deer habitat improvement grants to 11 groups for projects in the Upper Peninsula.

This Scary New Report Shows How Unprepared We Are to Fight Tick- and Mosquito-Borne Diseases, MotherJones.com, May 4, 2018William K. Reisen, an emeritus medical entomology professor in the School of Veterinary Medicine at the University of California-Davis, points out that because insect control efforts are often funded by property taxes, sparsely populated areas are particularly hard hit. “For West Nile virus, some of the highest incidence is in the Dakotas—well, no one lives there hardly,” he says. “So it’s hard to get the money to control those mosquitoes.”

The federal government has stepped up its efforts in the last few years. In 2016, Congress authorized the CDC to use an additional $350 million to fight the mosquito-borne Zika virus—the agency used some of that money the following year to launch five new research centers to study vector-borne diseases. Congress also established the Tick-Borne Disease Working Group in 2017. West Nile hospitalizations have cost nearly $800 million since 1999.

No one really knows exactly how much vector-borne illnesses cost the nation, because so many cases go unreported. But CDC spokesman Benjamin Haynes told me the annual estimated cost for Lyme tests alone is about $492 million. Since 1999, he added, the costs associated with hospitalizing people sickened by West Nile are estimated at $778 million. Yet in 2018, the budget for CDC’s Division of Vector-Borne Diseases is less than $50 million, with $10.6 million of that dedicated to Lyme disease.

Diseases from tick, mosquito, flea bites have tripled, BizWomen, May 4, 2018Mosquitos, ticks and fleas are “vectors” that can spread pathogens like dengue, Zika, Lyme disease or plague through their bite. The CDC reported more than 640,000 cases of these diseases in the period studied as well as the introduction or discovery of nine new germs, including the first outbreaks of Zika and Chikungunya in the United States. Peterson, director of the Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, said reforestation has led to an increase in the deer population and consequentially the population of deer ticks, which carry Lyme disease.

Are we ready for an epidemic this summer?, Washington Post, May 4, 2018The CDC’s key findings: The number of Americans infected with such diseases, including Zika, West Nile and Lyme, has more than tripled in a decade, jumping from about 30,000 cases a year in 2006 to almost 100,000 in 2016. This total includes nine types of infections never before seen in the United States, including Zika and chikungunya. Looking ahead, 80 percent of state and local health departments are not ready for the insect-borne threat we are facing in just a few weeks.

Dirt bike rider killed after hitting deer, WNEM, May 3, 2018Deputies report the 22-year-old Benjamin Maxfield from Sandusky was riding a 2017 Yamaha dirt bike when he collided with a deer that ran into the roadway, causing him to lose control and lay the bike on its side. The driver was pronounced dead at the scene.

Lyme, the tick-borne disease that’s spreading fast, explained, Vox, May 2, 2018Out of the 642,000 total cases of mosquito-, tick-, and flea-borne illnesses tracked in the 13-year study period, 77 percent were from ticks. And of those, 82 percent were cases of Lyme disease, a debilitating and still mysterious illness.

Reidsville approves urban archery in city limits, Rockingham Now, May 2, 2018Reidsville will soon allow hunters to help control the massive deer population in city limits through the use of bows and arrows, following a 5-2 vote by the city council. In the last three years, there have been 136 deer-related accidents on the roadways within city limits, causing an estimated $230,335 in property damage, he said.

Driver killed in collision with deer in Burke County, WJBF, May 2, 2018A driver was killed after a collision with a deer on Highway 24 at mile marker 16 in Waynesboro.

Tick and Mosquito Infections Spreading Rapidly, C.D.C. Finds, NYTimes, May 1, 2018Lyme disease made family doctors begin to suspect tick bites in patients with fevers. Laboratories began looking for different pathogens in blood samples, especially in patients who did not have Lyme. That led to the discovery of previously unknown diseases.

State Funding To Fight Deer Disease, WSJM, May 1, 2018The Iron Mountain Republican says $2.6 million has been allocated in a budget plan supported last week by the Michigan House. LaFave tells us Chronic Wasting Disease is difficult to kil once it gets established.

April 2018

* Deer Impacts on Vegetation in Ann Arbor Park Natural Areas, Summary of Monitoring Metrics for 2017, J.B. Courteau, Ph.D, April 2018Deer led to negative impacts on vegetation in Ann Arbor natural areas across all monitoring methods and metrics. Although results vary somewhat across sites and species, every metric shows negative effects of deer; sites monitored are shown in Table 2
.

* Patrick Durkin: CWD continues to spread in Wisconsin , Wisconsin State Journal, April 28, 2018Two wild deer far outside Wisconsin’s endemic zone for chronic wasting disease tested positive last week for the always-fatal disease, and yet the Department of Natural Resources downplayed the news in press releases, emphasizing instead that the discoveries renewed baiting and feeding bans for the areas.The new CWD cases were reported April 18 in Eau Claire County and April 20 in Oneida County. Both were those counties’ first CWD cases in wild deer. The Eau Claire County case is 120 miles from Wisconsin’s most CWD-infected areas.

For the record, the agency documented a record 599 CWD cases during the 2017-18 surveillance year, which runs April through March. The DNR tested more deer last year (9,879) than in 2016-17, a 62 percent increase from 6,095, but still documented a 6 percent infection rate. The infection rate for 447 positives in 2016-17 was 7.3 percent.

CAPC predicts spread of heartworm and Lyme disease in 2018, VeterianyNews, April 27, 2018CAPC also predicts that Lyme disease will spread into non-endemic areas, including the Dakotas, Iowa, Missouri, southern Illinois, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee and North Carolina. Borrelia burgdorferi, the Lyme disease agent transmitted by ticks, is spreading as the white-tailed deer population grows and migratory birds carry ticks to new areas, the release says.

After Long Winter, Explosion Of Lyme Disease-Carrying Ticks Expected, CBS Minnesota, April 25, 2018In the Twin Cities, deer ticks are currently out and they’re hungry after being insulated under a thick blanket of snow in mid-April. A manager with the Metropolitan Mosquito Control District says she anticipates a large number of deer ticks will burst upon the scene all at once, rather than trickling out in waves.

Bull’s-eye: Lyme disease victims take back their lives, PublicOpinionOnline.com, April 20, 2018“Lyme literate” doctors and natural therapies are offering Lyme sufferers more than hope. Victims often run from doctor to doctor as their conditions fail to improve. Then, they learn about a friend’s success with nontraditional Lyme treatment from medical doctors willing to work outside the guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control.

New Legislation May Eventually End Ann Arbor’s Deer Sterilization Program, WEMU, April 19, 2013Ann Arbor is the only community in the state to have a sterilization permit granted by the DNR. The bill was introduced after residents in the Upper Peninsula complained that Ann Arbor should not be altering the natural reproduction cycles of animals.

Michigan House: No Future Deer Sterilization for Ann Arbor, US News, April 17, 2018In a 69-40 vote on Tuesday, lawmakers passed a bill prohibiting the state Department of Natural Resources from issuing more sterilization permits until April 1, 2022.

Browse by White-tailed Deer Decreases Cover and Growth of the Invasive Shrub, Lonicera maackii, Naturalist, Apirl 2018We found leaf frequency of L. maackii in two height ranges, 0.5–1 m and 1–1.5 m, was significantly greater where deer had been excluded for 4 y. Furthermore, the basal area growth of these shrubs over 5 y tended to be higher, and the final basal area of small shrubs was significantly higher, in exclosures. These findings, along with direct evidence of deer browse from the literature, indicate deer browse on this invasive shrub is sufficient to affect its architecture and growth, and potentially mitigate its negative effect on native plants. [abstract, pdf download]

Without its ‘understory’ layer, the forest will collapse, CentralNewJersey.com, April 17, 2018This study uses a “treasure trove of data” collected by former Rutgers professor Murray Buell from 1948 to 1972. Buell studied forests at 13 sites in four central New Jersey counties. “Those studies were conducted prior to the deer population explosion,” Kelly said, noting that white-tailed deer essentially vanished from New Jersey prior to 1948 and did not rebound until decades later.

Kelly and his students surveyed these same forests … and the differences today are astounding. While Buell counted an average of 10 deer per square mile in central New Jersey forests, the number today is closer to 70 deer per square mile. The number of medium and large trees has decreased only slightly since Buell’s time, but saplings have plummeted by 85 percent and small trees by 90 percent.

Police investigate after man, deer killed in crash on SR-125, CBS8.com, April 17, 2018A 44-year-old South Bay man whose car struck and killed a deer on a toll-road overpass near Sweetwater Reservoir early Tuesday lost his own life shortly thereafter when he plunged off the roughly 50-foot- tall bridge.

Tick-borne diseases reach epidemic levels, panel says, Medical Press, April 16, 2018Tick-borne infections have reached epidemic proportions on Long Island, where children are disproportionately affected by Lyme disease and other infections transmitted by the eight-legged creatures, a panel of top scientists announced recently. In the extensive pediatric research Beneri presented at the symposium was evidence of some children developing Bell’s palsy, a temporary facial paralysis that occurs when the Lyme bacterium affects a cranial nerve. The paralysis resolves with antibiotic treatment, Beneri said. Beyond the Lyme bacterium, ticks on Long Island have been found to harbor babesia and anaplasma. Babesia are protozoa, or parasitic, infectious agents that hone in on red blood cells, similar to the way a malaria parasite invades the same cells.

Tribal forests in Wisconsin are more diverse, sustainable, Phsy.org/April 16, 2018“Deer are acting like a keystone species here,” says Waller. “It’s not a minor effect. It’s not affecting one or a few species. It’s not affecting one or a few sites. It’s not a temporary effect. These are pervasive, long-lasting effects that are actually shifting Wisconsin plant communities outside the Indian reservations into another state—a state of lower diversity, of different composition, more invasives.”

Lyme disease surge: Why our deer problem really matters (commentary), SILive, April 14, 2018From 2012 to 2016 Staten Island saw a 250 percent rise in cases of Lyme disease — the sharpest jump in the disease of the five boroughs over the last five years, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Now we’ve got a public health problem, and that’s something that the city needs to take very seriously. While it’s true that getting rid of all the deer might not eradicate Lyme disease here because ticks travel on other animals as well, it certainly would be a good first step.

Chronic wasting disease bill: Require 2nd fence on deer farms, Ann Arbor News April 14, 2018A ban on imported deer and an additional fencing requirement for private deer farms are part of Michigan’s proposed changes to help limit the spread of chronic wasting disease.

Sharp rise in Lyme disease tied to Island deer population, SILive, April 13, 2018Another growing trend Visconti said he has noticed in the patients he diagnoses with Lyme on Island, is that they report frequently coming into contact with deer roaming around their properties and in their backyards.

Bills toughening requirements on deer farming to combat CWD met with skepticism, Lansing State Journal, April 12, 2018Deer farmers believe the legislation is well-intended but oppose a ban on importing live deer, as well as the double-fencing idea, said Doug Roberts, president of the United Deer Farmers of Michigan. “In this state, you can’t even bring firewood from your home downstate to your cabin upstate (to prevent the spread of diseases), but you can import a live deer,” said state Rep. Jim Lower, R-Cedar Lake.

Staten Island fawning over reduced deer population thanks to vasectomies, Daily News, April 12, 2018The results reported this week show the fruit, or lack thereof, of just 2016’s vasectomies — when the program operated on just above 50% of the borough’s bucks. But in 2017, they were able to treat 87% of the bucks — and the ones they didn’t get to are younger, DeNicola said, and less likely to breed, since the bigger, snipped bucks will still be in the mood for love and will push them out of the way.

‘They just keep coming’: Hanover seeks solutions for deer dilemma, Evening Sun, April 11, 2018Public safety is the council’s top priority, Reichart said. This includes the threat of diseases that deer can carry as well as ticks that can lead to Lyme disease.

324 deer removed from Philly parks over the winter, Metro, April 11, 2018Earlier this month, Philly’s Parks and Recreation Department completed their annual deer management program in parks around the city. Some 324 deer were removed between December and April, resulting in more than 7,000 pounds of venison being donated to local food banks. In comparison with the Philly program, across Pennsylvania in the 2017-18 season, hunters killed 367,159 deer, according to the state Game Commission.

Be part of Minnesota’s deer planning process, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, April 9, 2018You can find the plan and supplementary information on our deer management plan webpage. The executive summary will provide a quick overview of the plan, followed by more detail in the plan itself. A couple things to note, this is a strategic plan so it has been designed to describe a long-term vision and provide high-level direction for management decisions over the next 10 years.

* Final Deer Management Report, Village of Cayuga Heights, NY, April , 2018The final year of the archery depredation culling program was implemented in 2017, because NYSDEC began to enforce a statute that prohibits placing bait with
300ft of a roadway. Given this development, the only remaining lethal option was to opportunistically capture deer using remote immobilization equipment from roadways, then euthanize them via lethal injection while they were under anesthesia.

Minnesota DNR unveils new deer management plan, with 200K annual harvest, Twin Cities Pioneer Press, April 9, 2018The plan establishes an annual statewide harvest target of 200,000 deer — just one of several performance measures outlined in the plan. It marks the first time the DNR has set a goal for how many deer hunters should expect to shoot each year.

Troopers: Passenger killed after deer crashes into vehicle on I-85, Fox Carolina, April 9, 2018The South Carolina Highway Patrol said a 2006 Honda was traveling north on I-85 when a deer jumped the median barrier and struck the vehicle. A passenger inside the car, a 68-year-old from Arlington, Virginia, died at the scene due to injuries in the crash.

* Wildlife Managers Want Public Input on Michigan’s Deadly Deer Disease, WDET, April 9, 2018“Some recent research has come out that this disease tends to accumulate exponentially in your deer herd. And once it does, there is an increase mortality rate with those animals. Even though they can live with it a lot longer than most diseases that they get, they still ultimately will succumb to it, it’s always fatal” -Chad Stewart, DNR

* 27 sika deer culled in Killarney after others starved to death, IrishExaminer, April 2, 2018Around a decade ago, a small number of Sika, a Japanese species introduced here in the 19th century, swam the short distance from Ross Castle to the island. Their numbers were not controlled. Bark on the island’s trees was stripped and almost every inch of ground is bare. The island’s ecology has been destroyed, according to local councillor John Joe Culloty, a member of the national park liaison committee.

* Recently added

* Livingston County now at ‘known risk’ for Lyme disease, LivingstonDaily, March 30, 2018“This is the first time we’ve been in the red, but it’s not a surprise, because you can see the red (on the map) keeps moving east across the Lower Peninsula,” said Chelsea Lantto, health promotion coordinator for the Livingston County Health Department. “Because Ingham and Washtenaw are red, it was only a matter of time.”

* U.S. government approves STERILIZATION VACCINES to reduce deer populations, proving yet again that depopulation vaccines exist, Chemical News, March 27, 2018Whether or not this newfangled vaccine actually works as claimed is perhaps less of a concern than the fact that authorities are now openly admitting what Natural News has been claiming for quite some time now: that vaccines are, in fact, being used by authorities as a depopulation tool to sterilize mammals and prevent them from reproducing. Somehow the definition of a vaccine has been expanded to include chemical poisoning with substances that directly interfere with the natural process of reproduction – even if it’s for a “good cause,” as in the case of white-tailed deer overpopulation. It’s something that the general population needs to be aware of as the vaccine industry continues to release new vaccines that perform functions other than disease-prevention.

* Fine‐scale spatial genetic structure of deer in a suburban landscape, Wildlife Management, Jan 2018We used fecal DNA from white‐tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in suburban Michigan to determine whether deer in suburban landscapes maintain the matrilineal social structure that has been observed in studies of rural deer. We amplified 7 microsatellite loci from fecal pellets (n = 591) collected from August to October 2013 on public and private lands throughout Meridian Township, Ingham County, central Michigan, USA. Based on multi‐locus genotypes, we identified individuals, quantified the extent of spatial genetic structure at multiple spatial scales, identified the location and spatial extent of aggregations of related females and males, and estimated genetic neighborhood size.[abstract, pdf available]

* Solved: Deer have direct role in death of Minnesota moose, Star Tribune, Nov 7, 2017After spending millions of dollars and tracking hundreds of moose with GPS collars, scientists have pinpointed the primary culprit behind the animal’s ever-shrinking numbers in Minnesota. It’s the deer. Parasites they carry into Minnesota’s North Woods have emerged as the leading cause of death for moose, state and tribal biologists have concluded. a parasitic brainworm that deer tolerate — and moose don’t — is either directly or indirectly related to one-fourth to one-third, perhaps more, of moose deaths, said the biologists leading the research.

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