This month

Sept 2018

Canada geese are as annoying as hell. In Alpena, that’s a death sentence, The Bridge, Sept 11, 2018The City Council voted 4-0 to approve the 2018 hunt. Folks with the local wildlife sanctuary, which protects a 500-acre waterfront area, are not upset. They’re more worried about invasive plants choking off the existing wildlife. “People realize (the geese) can be very messy,” said Roger Witherbee, a member of the sanctuary board who said he’s not heard anyone complain about the hunt.

August 2018

Iowa City considering options for hunting to control deer population, Radio Iowa, Aug 25, 2018

Tick Check, New Yorker, Aug 27, 2018Ticks wait in the grass and the leaves with their legs outstretched, ready to attach to a passing host, burrow into the host’s skin, and feed on the host’s blood while transmitting disease through their saliva, often within a few hours of contact. Kids are particularly vulnerable to ticks because of their exposure to the outdoors, so get in the habit of checking them every ten minutes. More if they’re yours. The elderly, too, are highly susceptible to the diseases transmitted by ticks, simply because they no longer have the strength to argue with Medicare.

Stevens Point outlines deer management plan for 2018,, Aug 23, 2018The city’s Deer Management Committee held a meeting on Wednesday to discuss plans for the upcoming harvest, with planners hoping to take as many as 45 bucks to help thin the urban herd. Any deer taken as part of the harvest will be processed and checked for Chronic Wasting Diseases. If they are clean, the meat will then be donated to food pantries across Portage County.

Asian Tick Invading America Is a Mystery to Lyme Experts, Daily Beast, Aug 22, 2018There’s a new tick crawling around the Eastern half of the United States: the long-horned tick, an invasive species from Eastern Asia that’s been spotted increasingly in urban areas like Staten Island in New York, along with New Jersey, Virginia, and all the way down to Arkansas. But unlike the black-legged tick, whose travel patterns, host preferences, and habitat are well-known, scientists are struggling to answer even the most basic questions about its Asian relative. We don’t yet know how the long-horned tick came to the United States, how it’s spreading, or what it’s capable of doing. All we know is that it’s here.

Role of white-tailed deer in geographic spread of the black-legged tick Ixodes scapularis : Analysis of a spatially nonlocal model, American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Aug 2018Lyme disease accounts for over 90% of all reported vector-borne disease in the United States. Its current invasive spread in the eastern U.S. constitutes a major public health concern. B.burgdorferi-infected I.scapularis are found at highest densities in endemic foci in the Northeast and upper Midwestern United States. However, increasing incidence of human cases is related, in part, to the ongoing geographical spread of ticks into new areas such as Michigan, Indiana, Ohio and Virginia.

Ticks are capable of moving only very short distances independently, so their fast and large scale spatial spread cannot be attributed solely to their own mobility. Rather, large-scale changes in tick distribution arise as a consequence of the movement of ticks by the vertebrate hosts to which they attach while feeding. Among such hosts are, in the order of the distances they can move, white-footed mice Peromyscus leucopus, white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus, and some migratory birds. This paper focuses on the role of white-tailed deer in spreading the ticks. Over the past 50 years, white-tailed deer populations have undergone explosive population growth due to reversion of agricultural lands to forest and restrictions on hunting. This expanding deer population is believed to have facilitated blacklegged tick expansion throughout the Northeast and Midwest.

Join us for a webinar on Integrated Tick Management!
A review of concepts for the control of ticks in the Northeast
Dr. Kirby Stafford III and Dr. Scott C. Williams of the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station will lead an interactive discussion on approaches to integrated tick management in the Northeast.
Topics covered will include challenges to effective tick control, and a review of tick management approaches. Thursday August 30, 2018 from 9:30am to 11am EST

New study finds zoning ineffective for deer winter habitat conservation,, Aug 24, 2018“Our results suggest that northern Maine is losing the potential for future replacement of viable areas for wintering deer,” the researchers say. The substantial rates of loss and fragmentation documented show that “habitat conservation strategies that rely on reserves and ignore land use effects on the intervening lands may not be effective.”

Deer population a topic in Northern Michigan communities, Petosky News, Aug 17, 2018Ashley Autenrieth, deer program biologist from the DNR office in Gaylord, said there is evidence to indicate the number of deer in most of Northern Michigan is growing. She said one potential reason for the increase could be that recent winters have been less severe.
While the region’s vast landscape makes it unrealistic to measure deer numbers, there are other signs to indicate a population spike, she said. Autenrieth said municipalities have a couple of different options to try to control the deer population. She said the DNR has worked with cities to plan an organized hunt. Cities can also get permission to bring in an outside group to hunt a select number of deer, she said.

‘Managed hunts’ aimed at Montgomery Co. deer population start in September, WTOP, Aug 16, 2018Montgomery Parks is adding four new locations to the list of areas where the hunts will take place. According to a release from Montgomery Parks — part of the Maryland National Capital Park and Planning Commission — three types of hunts will be conducted. Archery and shotgun hunts will be carried out by hunters under the direction of Montgomery Parks staff; sharpshooting hunts will be carried out by park police working in cooperation with wildlife ecologists at the parks.

Chronic wasting disease could spread faster than expected, MPR News, Aug 16, 2018Since the fall of 2016, 17 cases of chronic wasting disease have been found in the wild deer population of southeastern Minnesota. There’s no cure and no vaccine, although teams of scientists are working on it. Right now, CWD is 100 percent fatal.

The disease has spread rapidly in other states. In parts of Wisconsin, an estimated 40 to 50 percent of deer are infected. And that happened in a very short time. In 1999, the first year the Wisconsin DNR began monitoring the disease, just 3 animals tested positive. By 2017, that number had climbed to 600. If the same thing happens in Minnesota’s deer herds, the effects could be dramatic.

With few friends on Great Lakes, chorus grows for cormorant kills, The Bridge, Aug 15, 2018The view that double-crested cormorants are an invader that threaten the natural integrity of the ecosystem is a common sentiment in upper Michigan. Lethal control of the birds to protect wild fish was authorized by the U.S. government for many years ‒ though not through raccoon militias. The control reduced cormorants in the region by about two-thirds. Anglers and congressmen are now renewing calls for lethal force. On Thursday, the federal agency is scheduled to host a meeting in Lansing with state and tribal officials to explore whether control is again needed in the Great Lakes to protect wild fish.

Life With Lyme Disease, NPR, Aug 14, 2018Most troubling, some patients who are treated continue to suffer from a variety of symptoms long after their therapy has ended. Nobody really knows why they fail to get better. Infectious-disease experts refer to the phenomenon, which can affect up to twenty per cent of patients, as Post-Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome. Researchers have attempted to resolve the mystery in experiments with monkeys, mice, and dogs; human studies are also under way. As the number of infections grows, so does the number of people struggling to figure out what is wrong with them.

Lyme Disease Is Spreading Fast. Why Isn’t There a Vaccine?, NYTimes, Aug 14, 2018Lyme disease is usually handled with a short course of antibiotics. But without treatment, infections can spread to the heart and nervous system and cause serious problems. Additionally, some patients experience symptoms even after taking antibiotics, what the C.D.C. refers to as “post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome.”

Three Mid-Michigan counties included in ban on baiting, feeding deer,, Aug 13, 2018Michigan officials have approved a series of deer hunting regulations intended to slow the spread of chronic wasting disease. Among them is an immediate ban on baiting and feeding deer in three Mid-Michigan counties. The ban on baiting and feeding will take effect in the entire Lower Peninsula at the end of next January

Montgomery Parks Plans Hunting Operations in 46 Parks This Year To Thin Deer Herds, Bethesda Magazine, Aug 13, 2018Sharpshooters, shotgun hunters and archers will be culling deer herds in 46 parks in Montgomery County in the upcoming year. “Our deer population management efforts are intended to address these matters of public safety, natural resources protection, and other concerns of county residents. Across all program elements, the safety of residents remains our top priority,” Ryan Butler, a wildlife ecologist for Montgomery Parks, said in a news release.

Michigan Sets New Hunting Rules to Stop Deer Disease Spread, USNews, Aug 11, 2018LANSING, Mich. (AP) — Michigan officials have approved a series of deer hunting regulations intended to slow the spread of chronic wasting disease. Among them is an immediate ban on baiting and feeding deer in the 16-county area of southern and central Michigan identified as the CWD Management Zone. Also imposed immediately was a statewide ban on natural deer urine-based lures and attractants not approved by the Archery Trade Association.

State adopts deer hunting rules to deal with chronic wasting disease, Times Herald, Aug 10, 2018The Michigan Natural Resources Commission has approved a set of regulations aimed at slowing the spread of chronic wasting disease, according to a news release from the state Department of Natural Resources.

State bans baiting of deer in 16 counties to combat Chronic Wasting Disease, Michigan Radio, Aug 10, 2018The state of Michigan has implemented an immediate ban on baiting and feeding of deer in 16 counties, called the CWD Management Zone, to try to slow the spread of chronic wasting disease or CWD.

Special White-tailed Deer Archery Hunts, City of Bemidji, updated Aug 10, 2018The City of Bemidji is now accepting applications for permits to participate in any of three (3) special white-tailed deer archery hunts within the City. The hunts will follow the regular Minnesota deer archery season, which runs September 15 through December 31, 2018.

An Army Of Deer Ticks Carrying Lyme Disease Is Advancing And Here’s Why It Will Only Get Worse, Huffington Post, Aug 7, 2018The ticks have brought a surge of Lyme disease in Maine over two decades, boosting reported cases from 71 in 2000 to 1,487 in 2016 — a 20-fold increase, the latest federal data show. Today, Maine leads the nation in Lyme incidence, topping hot spots like Connecticut, New Jersey and Wisconsin. Deer-tick illnesses such as anaplasmosis and babesiosis — a bacterial infection and a parasitic disease similar to malaria, respectively — are following a similar trajectory. The spread of Lyme disease has followed that of deer ticks. The incidence of Lyme has more than doubled over the past two decades. In 2016, federal health officials reported 36,429 new cases, and the illness has reached far beyond endemic areas in the Northeast to points west, south and north.

Thoughts on Lyme disease and ticks (commentary), SILive, Aug 6, 2018young ticks (nymphs) do feed off mice and chipmunks, but as they age and mature into adult ticks, they most certainly feed on deer as well. The blood meal that deer provide is critical and allows female adult ticks to lay thousands of eggs. Given that fact, Dr. Sam Telford, from the Department of Infectious Disease and Global Health at Tufts University, argues that reducing the deer population is a key component in managing tick populations. He concedes that in a balanced eco-system, natural predation would reduce the density of mice, chipmunks, or certain birds, thereby reducing the chance that larvae and nymphs will feed on them, become infected, and grow into adults. However, he points out, killing one fed, adult female deer tick is equivalent to killing 2,000 larvae or several hundred nymphs.

Thoughts on Lyme disease and ticks (commentary), SILive, Aug 6, 2018Ticks are capable of carrying and transmitting various pathogens, including Lyme disease – that fact is proven and undisputed. Of less certainty and subject to some controversy, however, is how best to effectively lower the incidence of Lyme and other tick-borne diseases, by diminishing or eradicating the local tick population. We share the opinion articulated by many actual experts that deer, too, play a vital role in this unfortunate saga. Yes, young ticks (nymphs) do feed off mice and chipmunks, but as they age and mature into adult ticks, they most certainly feed on deer as well. The blood meal that deer provide is critical and allows female adult ticks to lay thousands of eggs.
Given that fact, Dr. Sam Telford, from the Department of Infectious Disease and Global Health at Tufts University, argues that reducing the deer population is a key component in managing tick populations.

An Invasive New Tick Is Spreading in the U.S., New York Times, Aug 6, 2018Although domestic American ticks are a growing menace and transmit a dozen pathogens, no long-horned ticks here have yet been found with any human diseases. In Asia, however, the species carries a virus that kills 15 percent of its victims. In East Asia, long-horned ticks do carry pathogens related to Lyme and others found in North America. But the biggest threat is a phlebovirus that causes S.F.T.S., for severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome.

As disease-bearing ticks head north, weak government response threatens public health, Center for Public Integrity, Aug 6, 2018The CDC says rising temperatures are partly to blame for the tripling of mosquito-, tick- and flea-borne illnesses from 2004 to 2016, but Maine’s governor, a climate skeptic, is tying health officials’ hands.

The Big Number: Lyme disease is now in 100 percent of the U.S., Washington Post, Aug 4, 2018If you thought you were safe from Lyme disease because you don’t live in New England, where the tick-borne illness first appeared, think again. Now, 100 percent of the country — all 50 states plus the District — has residents who have tested positive for Lyme, a bacterial infection that can cause a wide variety of symptoms, including joint aches, fatigue, facial palsy and neck stiffness.

Removing dead deer only part of the solution (commentary), SILive, Aug 4, 2018If a deer is found dead on public land, the authorities will cart it away. But on private property? That’s the homeowner’s problem. Which never made sense. Sure, if I see a cat or similar-sized animal run over and killed in the street in front of my home, of course I’m going to bag it and put it in with the trash. That’s a manageable thing. But a deer? That’s a whole different ballgame. They don’t make garbage bags big enough for a corpse that size. And I’d need a forklift to move it.
But the real problem isn’t removal of dead deer, it’s the live deer roaming among us. We have to keep attacking that problem. Because deer don’t belong here, not even in somewhat bucolic Staten Island. They destroy vegetation, are a hazard to drivers and, most importantly, help spread Lyme disease, an illness we’re seeing more and more of in recent years as the deer population has swelled.

Illinois measure to test deer feeding under review, Herald-Whig, Aug 4, 2018The bill under review would launch a five-year experiment to test how feeding Illinois deer affects the wild herd’s health, the Chicago Tribune reported . The study would lift the 15-year-old rule that makes it illegal to feed deer. Opponents of the study fear that feeding stations could attract large gatherings of animals and spread a variety of diseases, including chronic wasting disease. The fatal disease wrecks a deer’s nervous system and is present the animal’s saliva, urine and feces.

Urban deer: Officials set tentative timeline for culling, Colorado Springs Independent, Aug 3, 2018City Councilors’ plans for dealing with Colorado Springs’ overpopulation of deer are moving forward, though not quite at the pace they’d originally hoped. It’s too close to the end of the season to attempt to allow urban hunting, but officials hope to get the ball rolling on Council action soon so professional shooters can “bait and cull” a few dozen does by this Jan. 31. (After that, some does will be too far along in their pregnancy to kill without raising social and political concerns, says Frank McGee, area wildlife manager for state Parks and Wildlife.)

Deer cost local farmers dear-ly, Ocean, Aug 3, 2018A sight of these beautiful creatures is always exciting to catch. That being said, in recent years, the number of deer, and lack of hunters, has caused an amazing amount of loss to farmers due to crop damage. One Bishopville farmer was forced to replant his fields multiple times due to the herds of 10-25 deer that gather to forage on the tender crops. This loss not only affects the farmers, but the cost of producing the food, therefore increasing the overall cost of the product. According to the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, deer cause $7-8 million dollars in crop damage each year, which is not uncommon in many states.

Deer Make the Worst Neighbors, New York Times, Aug 3, 2018Homeowners grapple with fascination and irritation simultaneously. These graceful, delicate creatures can startle you with their presence, just before they poop on your front lawn. Step out for an evening run and you might encounter a few trotting alongside you on the road, barely fazed by your presence until they hop away, vanishing into the landscape.

New tick in Pa. could cause year-round problems, York Daily Record, Aug 2 2018A longhorned tick, not native to the United States, was discovered on a deer that was being tested for Chronic Wasting Disease in Centre County. State Department of Agriculture spokeswoman Shannon Powers said the longhorned tick has probably been in Pennsylvania for much longer, given its undetectability to the naked eye. One of the distinct features of the longhorned tick is its ability to survive winter conditions, forcing outdoor enthusiasts to check for ticks year round. Any hopes of containing the spread of the longhorned tick might be futile, as they are able to reproduce asexually, opening up the potential for massive growth.

Treating Lyme disease in 2018: advances and misconceptions, Yale News, Aug 2, 2018Writing in the Viewpoint column of JAMA on Aug. 2, Shapiro has brought together the latest updates on the diagnosis and treatment of Lyme disease. These include insights about a different, recently discovered deer tick-borne infection, a new and more efficient serologic antibody test for Lyme disease, the debunking of the myth that antibody tests are not useful in making a diagnosis of Lyme disease, and the revised antibiotic protocols for treating Lyme disease in children.

Lyme Disease in 2018: What Is New (and What Is Not), JAMA Network, Aug 2, 2018Lyme disease and other tick-borne infections are a significant health problem in the United States. It is important to continue to conduct well-designed studies so that new approaches to diagnosis and treatment of tick-borne infections are based on scientific studies and not on fear or anecdote.

Controlled deer hunts offered at State Nature Preserves, Buckeye Lake Beacon, Aug 2, 2018In a continuing effort to control deer populations, specifically those affecting native plant communities, the Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR) will coordinate special deer hunts at nine state nature preserves across the state. Ohio’s nature preserve system protects some of the state’s rarest and highest quality ecology. Deer continue to exert a negative impact on many sensitive habitats at several state nature preserves. The primary impact is from the browsing of native vegetation by deer. Additional impacts can be seen as the rapid spread of various non-native invasive plants displaces many native Ohio plant species.

Man seriously injured after deer jumps through windshield, The Times Herald, Aug 2, 2018A 30-year-old St. Clair man was seriously injured after a deer jumped through the windshield of the van he was traveling in.

Permethrin Kills Ticks and Prevents Lyme Disease — Summer 2018, Age Management BostonTick larvae are born uninfected. They feed on blood from the white-footed mice (and chipmunks and short-tailed shrews) and acquire Borrelia bacteria, the cause of Lyme disease. They can feed on birds or other rodents, which do not carry the Lyme bacteria, and remain uninfected. The larvae grow into nymphs, which seek a second blood meal from a larger animal, such as foxes, livestock, dogs, or humans. With this bite, the tick injects borrelia. For its last meal, the tick, now an adult, latches onto a very large animal, predominantly, but not exclusively, the white-tailed deer for nourishment to mature and produce eggs. Legislated protections have enlarged deer herds, increasing the reservoir for adult ticks. Once mature, each female produces 3,000 eggs, and dies. These eggs will hatch into larvae, which will find their way to white-tailed mice, who will bring them back to their nests. Warmer winters, more nesting areas, fewer mouse predators, and increased deer populations is a recipe for creating huge pools of ticks.

A plan for Minnesota’s deerMinnesota’s White-tailed Deer Management Plan will guide deer management from 2019-2028. The Plan benefits Minnesotans by outlining strategic direction, DNR responsibilities and new ways for the agency, citizens and stakeholders to address deer management.

The Plan was finalized in 2018. It reflects input from a 19-member citizen advisory committee; dozens of public meetings and open houses; more than 1,100 survey comments; and official letters from tribal governments, hunting organizations and others.

Motorcycle driver in critical condition after hitting deer, Daily News, Aug 1, 2018According to Michigan State Police, a motorcycle with one occupant was traveling northbound on Masters Road approaching the intersection at Deaner Road when the vehicle hit a deer in the northbound lane. Upon impact, the driver was ejected off the motorcycle.

July 2018

*Recently Added
City of Delafield Deer Management Program 2018, Delafield, WI, 2018To prevent irreparable damage to the ecosystems in Delafield and to prevent significant injury and illness to persons or damage to property, be it resolved that the City of Delafield should establish a “Social Carrying Capacity” goal to reduce the Whitetail deer population to 10-19 deer square mile of Deer Range in the City by the year 2023. It is recommended that the city establish a Deer Management Committee to implement the following plan. This plan shall serve as a guide to safely and effectively reduce the herd over the next five years and then maintain a manageable deer herd thereafter.

Motorcycle driver in critical condition after hitting deer, Daily News, July 31, 2018According to Michigan State Police, a motorcycle with one occupant was traveling northbound on Masters Road approaching the intersection at Deaner Road when the vehicle hit a deer in the northbound lane. Upon impact, the driver was ejected off the motorcycle.

Crashes for the Year 2017 for City or Township (Washtenaw County: Ann Arbor) filtered by Crash: Deer Involved/Associated (Deer involved), Michigan Traffic Crash Facts, 2018

* Judge throws out suit challenging Fire Island deer-management plan, Newsday, July 27, 2018A federal judge has thrown out an animal rights group’s lawsuit challenging the Fire Island National Seashore’s plan to use hunters to curb the barrier island’s population of white-tailed deer. U.S. District Court Judge Sandra J. Feuerstein, who sits in Central Islip, closed a case filed last year by Friends of Animals, which had argued that the agency’s plan to cull the population of white-tailed deer violated federal law because its architects did not consider “an alternative that utilizes only nonlethal options.”

* Saddle River passes deer culling ordinance,, July 27, 2018Borough council approved a wildlife management plan Thursday aimed at reducing its burgeoning deer population through “culling” during hunting season from September to February.

* Tickborne diseases are likely to increase, say officials, Science Daily, July 26, 2018Source: NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Summary: The incidence of tickborne infections in the United States has risen significantly within the past decade. It is imperative, therefore, that public health officials and scientists build a robust understanding of pathogenesis, design improved diagnostics, and develop preventive vaccines, according to experts.

* Tickborne diseases are likely to increase, say NIAID officials, Medical XPress, July 26, 2018Bacteria cause most tickborne diseases in the United States, with Lyme disease representing the majority (82 percent) of reported cases. Tickborne virus infections are also increasing and could cause serious illness and death. For example, Powassan virus (POWV), recognized in 1958, causes a febrile illness that can be followed by progressive and severe neurologic conditions, resulting in death in 10 to 15 percent of cases and long-term symptoms in as many as 70 percent of survivors. Only 20 U.S. cases of POWV infection were reported before 2006; 99 cases were reported between 2006 and 2016.

* Tickborne Diseases — Confronting a Growing Threat, New England Journal of Medicine, July 25, 2018According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the number of reported cases of tickborne disease has more than doubled over the past 13 years.1 Bacteria cause most tickborne diseases in the United States, and Lyme disease accounts for 82% of reported cases, although other bacteria (including Ehrlichia chaffeensis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Rickettsia rickettsii) and parasites (such as Babesia microti) also cause substantial morbidity and mortality. Patterns of spirochete enzootic transmission are geographically influenced and involve both small-mammal reservoir hosts, such as white-footed mice, and larger animals, such as white-tailed deer, which are critical for adult tick feeding. The rising incidence and expanding distribution of Lyme disease in the United States are probably multifactorial, but increased density and range of the tick vectors play a key role. The geographic range of I. scapularis is apparently increasing: by 2015, it had been detected in nearly 50% more U.S counties than in 1996.

Transcript: Mayor de Blasio Makes Announcement on Lyme Disease Prevention, New York City, July 23, 2018Obviously, this issue connects to the question of the deer population. It’s complex because again the ticks are carried by mice in large measure, other small animals, but the deer are a crucial piece of this equation too. What we know already, and this is some good news, is the deer population is down eight percent in the last year; we know half as many fawns have been born, and we know that as of March of this year 94 percent of male deer on this island were sterilized.

Deer cull proposed as overpopulation threatens West TN neighborhoods,, July 23, 2018Wildlife officials in West Tennessee say the deer population around Collierville needs to be thinned out. The Chickasaw Basin Authority has been studying a deer cull, or how to control the deer population, for roughly a year. The deer cull is in its final planning stages and would take place near the Wolf River. It was proposed by residents in Collierville, who find the deer to be a menace. A CBA official said the deer are running out of food, and experts recommend thinning the herd 20 percent a year for 10 years. It will also prevent the spread of diseases.

* U.S. Department of Agriculture Puts Down 25% of Port Mansfield Deer for Tick Control,, July 20, 2018Port Mansfield has seen the removal of about 25% of the existing white-tailed deer population for the purpose of combatting cattle fever ticks.

* Landscape Features Associated With Blacklegged Tick (Acari: Ixodidae) Density and Tick-Borne Pathogen Prevalence at Multiple Spatial Scales in Central New York State, Journal of Medical Entomology, July 18, 2018Blacklegged ticks are the most commonly encountered and medically relevant tick species in New York State and have exhibited recent geographic range expansion. Forests and adjacent habitat are important determinants of I. scapularis density and may influence tick-borne pathogen prevalence. We examined how percent forest cover, dominant land cover type, and habitat type influenced I. scapularis nymph and adult density, and associated tick-borne pathogen prevalence, in an inland Lyme-emergent region of NY. I. scapularis nymphs and adults were collected from edge and wooded habitats using tick drags at 16 sites in Onondaga County, NY in 2015 and 2016. A subsample of ticks from each site was tested for the presence of Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia miyamotoi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Babesia microti using a novel multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay, and deer tick virus using reverse transcription–PCR. Habitat type (wooded versus edge) was an important determinant of tick density; however. B.burgdorferi was the most commonly detected pathogen and was present in ticks from all sites. Ticks infected with A. phagocytophilum and B. miyamotoi were collected more often in urban environments. Similarity between B. burgdorferi prevalence in Onondaga County and hyperendemic areas of southeastern NY indicates a more rapid emergence than expected in a relatively naive region.

* The deer population is overwhelming Lake Country. Here are some ways you can keep them away., Journal Sentinel, July 12, 2018Municipalities around Lake Country are struggling with solutions to manage the deer population, which has become a somewhat polarizing issue.

* Bully Bambi: Deer targets neighborhood dogs, one dead, CBS46, July 12, 2018 Wood believes the deer is mistaking dogs for coyotes, their natural predator, and the only reason we don’t see more dogs attacked like this is because deer usually don’t want to be very close to a dog’s human owners. In this specific neighborhood, the deer have trained out of their fear.

* HAAP cancels deer hunts due to EHD, Times News, July 2, 2018Due to a disease outbreak among the white-tailed deer population on the Holston Army Ammunition Plant property late last summer, the installation will not be holding any deer hunts this year.

And earlier

* The Tick App, CDC Regional Centers for Excellence in Vector-Borne diseases, May 2018Lyme disease can be transmitted to humans after a tick bite. This study is designed to help us understand more about how people’s practices and activities impact their exposure to ticks. This research is being done because Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease (infections transmitted by the bite of infected arthropod species, such as mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, etc) in the United States. The information provided will help us design integrated control strategies to prevent diseases transmitted by ticks.

* Multiflora rose invasion amplifies prevalence of Lyme disease pathogen, but not necessarily Lyme disease risk, Parasites and Vectors, 2018Understory structure provided by non-native, invasive shrubs appears to aggregate ticks and reservoir hosts, increasing opportunities for pathogen transmission. However, when we consider pathogen prevalence among nymphs in context with relative abundance of questing nymphs, invasive plants do not necessarily increase disease risk. Although pathogen prevalence is greater among ticks in invaded forests, the probability of encountering an infected tick remains greater in uninvaded forests characterized by thick litter layers, sparse understories, and relatively greater questing tick abundance in urban landscapes.

* Ticks and Your Health: Preventing Tick-borne Illnesses in Michigan, MI Tick Guide, 2018If your home is bordered by grassy or wooded areas with abundant wildlife, including deer and small mammals, there are several ways you can create a “tick safe zone” around your residence. Wildlife and ticks need moist, shaded places to live and hide while they’re not searching for food. Keeping these areas separated from your lawn or recreation areas and reducing clutter around your home can help reduce the number of ticks dramatically.

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