This month

2017

June

Deer kill is returning with double the limit, Toledo Blade, June 27, 2017Bow hunters will again take to tree stands in Ottawa Hills this fall, on the lookout for white-tailed deer. Their goal is to kill twice as many as they did last year in order to keep the village’s growing deer population in check.

Fire May Be the Only Remedy for a Plague Killing Deer and Elk, New York Times, June 26, 2017Once chronic wasting disease gets a foothold, it can spread relentlessly. It’s now documented in 24 states, and continues to expand into new ranges. In some herds, as many as half of the animals carry prions. It’s only been in recent years that scientists have gained crucial clues to how the disease spreads. Direct contact, it turns out, isn’t the only way that the prions get from one animal to another. Sick animals and cadavers spread prions across the landscape. Plants and soil may remain coated with deformed proteins for years, perhaps even decades. Dr. Zabel now suspects that the only way to rid the land of them is to set controlled fires.
West Conn laboratory reports sharply higher levels of deer ticks in region, Ridgefield Press, June 26, 2017The tick-borne disease prevention laboratory at Western Connecticut State University has reported that its weekly sampling for deer ticks — a common carrier of Lyme disease and other illnesses — has reached the highest population level recorded since the first year that the WCSU lab initiated field monitoring of area sites in 2011.

The Year of the Tick, The Slate, June 26, 2017If you’re worried about ticks this year—and if you live in the Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, or Midwest, you probably should be—these five strategies are crucial: Do daily tick checks, Treat your clothes, Spray your skin before going into the woods, Treat your pets, Give ticks no refuge. Another good move: Rid your property of Japanese barberry, an invasive plant that provides ticks with a “buffered microclimate” that keeps them from desiccating and dying.

A single tick bite could put you at risk for at least 6 different diseases, Business Insider, June 25, 2016The broad range of potential conditions means that doctors don’t even necessarily know what to look for. Even worse, “ticks can frequently be co-infected with more than one pathogen,” says Tokarz. That’s especially true in certain locations, like on Long Island. One bite could transmit both Lyme disease and babesiosis, conditions that would normally be treated quite differently.

Tick-borne Powassan virus sickens two in midcoas Maine, BDN Maine, June 23, 2017Powassan is only one of several diseases caused by ticks that are on the rise in Maine. Lyme disease, the most prevalent, rose to a record 1,464 cases last year. Anaplasmosis, a bacterial infection that can lead to similar long-term effects as Lyme without a proper diagnosis, climbed dramatically as well.
Powassan is spread by the bite of an infected deer or woodchuck tick and can cause fever, headache, vomiting, weakness, confusion and seizures. Brain swelling is a potentially devastating complication that kills 10 percent of those who develop it, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. About half of those who survive the infection suffer permanent neurological symptoms such as memory problems, facial tics and blurred vision. There is no vaccine or treatment other than keeping patients comfortable and hydrated during hospitalization.

South Africa’s Robben Island to cull 400 deer, BBC, June 22, 2017South Africa’s Robben Island will cull 400 fallow deer which have overrun the island, officials have told the BBC. “We treasure all of the island’s natural resources and protecting them is our greatest priority. We look forward to them thriving once more.”

Tick-borne diseases on the rise, Fox Health News, June 21, 2017The tragic death of an Indianapolis toddler earlier this month, likely from a tick-borne disease called Rocky Mountain spotted fever, has focused public attention on the fact that tick-borne diseases are on the rise. In fact, there have been five tick-borne diseases identified for the first time in the U.S. since 2009.

Syracuse deer count underway in effort to start curbing herd growth, WRVO, June 21, 2017“Deer population can actually -under ideal conditions- can double in under three years,” Underwood said. “That’s how fast they can reproduce. I’m speculating here, but I fully expect the deer population has made pretty substantial increases since the last time.” This deer counting is being paid for by a state grant in the wake of concern over Lyme Disease, which can be transmitted by deer ticks.

Lyme Disease: Inside America’s Mysterious Epidemic, Rolling Stone, June 20, 2017Finally, in 1981, a scientist named Willy Burgdorfer discovered that Lyme was caused by bacteria carried in mice and deer and transmitted by deer ticks. The spirochete bacteria in question, borrelia burgdorferi, was named in his honor. Once it was established that Lyme disease was a bacterial infection, the course of treatment seemed obvious: antibiotics. Doctors began treating patients with a six- or 12-week dose. Some people got better, but not all of them. Cut to 36 years later, and not much has changed.

Sharpshooters? Birth control? How will next mayor tackle Syracuse’s deer problem?, Syracuse.com, June 19, 2017
A 2014 study by SUNY ESF estimated 220 deer living on the east side of Syracuse and the Town of DeWitt. The state recently put aside $200,000 to address the problem. Of that, $150,000 went to SUNY ESF to study the problem and develop a plan. The remaining $50,000 will be used for implementation.

Town and Country continue ongoing battle against deer population, KMOV.com, June 20, 2017News 4 checked with other cities and how they handle deer. In Sunset Hills, they use a bow hunting program. There are a number of restrictions, but there’s no cost to the city, as the hunters foot the bill. In Ellisville, they allow sniper trained officers to thin the herd.

Motorcycle Crash With Deer Kills Driver in Central Wisconsin, US News, June 18, 2017 One person is dead and another injured after their motorcycle collided with a deer in central Wisconsin. The Wood County Sheriff’s Department says the motorcycle was traveling on Wisconsin Highway 73 on Saturday when a deer ran into its path. The motorcycle struck the deer and overturned several times, throwing the driver and passenger.

Deer survey report presented during Upper Dublin meeting, Ambler Gazette, June 16, 2017The overall recommendation in the report is to continue and expand the township’s cross-bow hunting program and hire professional sharpshooters to augment it. Providing information to residents on options to minimize damage, and discouraging deer feeding are also recommended. Once the deer population reaches a threshold, if the herd continues to grow, he said, there is an increase in collisions, potential increase in health risks, landscape damage, a decrease in songbirds and decrease in ground cover.

Deer problem persists but lessens in Avon Lake, The Chronical, June 16, 2017During a Wednesday meeting of Council’s Environmental Committee, Shondel listed nine instances in the past month where police officers or the animal control officer responded to calls about deer. There were a variety of calls from deer attacking and, in one case, injuring dogs, to deer or fawns getting stuck in window wells or impaled on fences. In some of the instances, police responded and in others the recently hired animal control officer responded.

Altavista relaxes bow-hunting restrictions, The News and Advance, June 15, 2017Bow hunters in Altavista will now be able to hunt closer to buildings and on the ground during the upcoming hunting season. Town Council voted unanimously this week to adopt two changes to the town’s Urban Archery Ordinance, now more than 10 years old. The changes allow bow hunters to shoot deer within 100 feet of a building instead of the previously required 100 yards.

Dangerous unproven treatments for ‘chronic Lyme disease’ are on the rise, Washington Post, June 15, 2017An increasing number of Americans with medically ambiguous symptoms are being misdiagnosed with “chronic Lyme disease” and prescribed dangerous and often expensive treatments that do not work, according to a new report. In some instances, patients have died after receiving intensive, long-term and inappropriate courses of intravenous antibiotics that led to septic shock. In other cases, misdiagnosis caused dangerous delays in treatment of a patient’s actual underlying condition.

Letter: Local deer population is out of control, New Jersey.com, June 15, 2017Deer represent a health problem in our region. They carry ticks, and they also have caused automobile accidents. Essex County and Union County have addressed their deer problem, but the elected officials of Passaic and Bergen counties don’t seem to have the courage to address this issue that affects quality of life, and is also costly for homeowners who use fencing or chemical deterrents that don’t always work.

Fallow deer, a declared pest, culled after causing destruction on Fleurieu Peninsula, The Times, June 15, 2017“As a result of this helicopter operation, which was achieved in just under nine hours, we’ve substantially reduced the core population and with it, the breeding potential for 2017.” The helicopter shoot is one component of the deer control program on the Fleurieu Peninsula. Authorised ground shooting is also conducted in Second Valley Forest Reserve and on private properties year-round. Dr Harper said pest animals were the cause of both economic and environmental damage and she underlined the responsibilities of both private landowners and public land managers to control pest animals such as feral deer on their land.

Rescued fawn gets splints to correct leg deformities, MLive, June 14, 2017A fawn with deformed front legs received braces from Help 4 Wildlife, a Washtenaw County wild animal rescue organization, and he’ll be returned to the wild when he’s ready.

Farmington Hills approves ban on feeding deer, Oakland Press, June 13, 2017In an effort to control the deer population, the Farmington Hills City Council voted unanimously Monday, June 12, to make it illegal to feed the animals.

2 children killed after car avoids deer, hit by truck in Strongsville, WKBN, June 10, 2017The state Highway Patrol says two children have been killed after the car they were riding in swerved to avoid a deer and was struck by a semi-trailer on the Ohio Turnpike outside Cleveland.

Tick-borne disease suspected in 2-year-old’s death, CNN, June 9, 2017Rocky Mountain spotted fever is spread by ticks that carry the bacterium Rickettsia rickettsii. When they bite humans, the bacterium enters the bloodstream and may cause symptoms such as fever, headaches, abdominal pain, vomiting, muscle pain and rashes within two to 14 days. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says there are more than 3,000 cases of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the United States each year. The disease can also be fatal if it is not treated in the first few days.

2017 North American Deer Summit: CWD Is Worse Than We Thought, Realtree.com, June 9, 2017Several challenges arise with the big issue of CWD. First, we’re met with the challenge of detecting it. We don’t fully understand how it mutates (and science has proven that it can mutate). We have no cure. It’s killing deer throughout half the country and rapidly spreading. Managing it has been near to impossible. Too many people are brushing it under the rug. And funding we currently have for research, testing and management are pennies in comparison to what’s needed to defeat this disease.

First Report of Dwarf Deer Tick Comes as Overall Population Soars, Global Lyme Alliance, June 8, 2017In addition to the increasing number of ticks, a greater percentage is infected with the Lyme disease pathogen. “Historically, based on our studies, the infection rate has been in the range of 27 to 32 percent, but this year so far, we have recorded up to 38 percent of ticks infected, and in some regions the infection rate reaches up to 50 percent.

Scientists at the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES) have discovered an adult female deer tick that could even more easily escape notice, because it is half the normal size. The miniature tick was just 1.5 millimeters long, compared to the typical 3-millimeter length of an adult female deer tick. As a nymph, it may have been tinier yet.

Top Down-Bottom Up Ecosystems, Columbia Daily Tribune, June 7, 2017So the sun and plants are absolutely essential to the ecosystem. But so are the big guys. Removing them from an ecosystem disturbs many other parts of the ecosystem. This is called trophic cascades — the trouble cascades down the rest of the ecosystem. Here is yet another example of how complex the natural world is.

Deer Running Across the Road Causes 4 Cars to Crash, US News, June 5, 2017A deer darting across the Garden State Park way in New Jersey this weekend set in motion a series of crashes that hospitalized five people.

CDC warns against ticks, Lyme disease, Washington Times, June 1, 2017Most of us know that ticks are small insects (arachnids) that bite to fasten themselves onto the skin of an animal or human – and feed on blood. When an infected tick bites a person or an animal, the tick’s saliva transmits infectious agents — bacteria, viruses, or parasites — that can cause illness. They include: Lyme disease bacteria, Babesia protozoa, Anaplasma, Ehrlichia, and other rickettsia, even encephalitis-causing viruses, and possibly Bartonella bacteria. While “back in the day,” tick bites were more of an annoyance, today a bite is much more likely to make you sick and can even change your life!

Motorcycle passenger airlifted to UIHC following deer-bike crash, WQAD, June 1, 2017A collision between a deer and a motorcyclist at Lake Geode State Park in Henry County injured the driver and passenger of the motorcycle on Wednesday, May 31.

Which diseases have been confirmed in your neighborhood?, Dogs and Ticks, 2017. Maps are available for all regions of the United States and Canada. Because so many dogs go untested for tick-borne diseases, the actual number of dogs infected by ticks is likely many times higher than reported figures.

Lyme Disease: What you need to know, CDC, June 2017Nymphs feed on small rodents, birds, and other small mammals in late spring and early summer. Nymphs will also feed on
humans, and if previously infected with Lyme disease bacteria, they can transmit the disease to humans. Nymphs molt into
adult ticks in the fall. In the fall and early spring, adult ticks feed and mate on large animals, such as deer. Adult female ticks will
sometimes also feed on humans. In spring, adult female ticks lay their eggs on the ground, completing the 2-year life cycle.

May

Cincinnati to Continue Use of Bow Hunters to Cull Park Deer, USNews, May 31, 2017Cincinnati says it plans to continue the use of bow hunters to cull deer from the city’s parks

Monitoring Deer Impacts on Natural Vegetation in Ann Arbor: A Pilot Study of Red Oak Seedlings as Experimental Indicators of Deer Browse Intensity (Sentinel Seedlings) Across 10 Ann Arbor Natural Areas, Jacqueline Courteau, Ph.D. Consulting Biologist/Ecologist, City of Ann Arbor, April 30, 2017Deer damaged 61% of unfenced experimental seedlings overall, with browse
rates ranging from 20–90% depending on the park. This level exceeds the 15% recommended by Blossey (2014) as likely to reduce forest regeneration.

Man killed, passenger injured in motorcycle crash with deer, Fox 17, May 31, 2017A Battle Creek man is dead and his female passenger is injured after the two got into an accident involving a deer while they were riding a motorcycle.

Lyme Isn’t the Only Disease Ticks Are Spreading This Summer, WIRED, May 29, 2017Scientists like Armstrong estimate that POW is only prevalent in about 4 percent of deer ticks, way lower than the 30 to 40 percent prevalence of Lyme disease. But here’s the thing. Lyme disease, which is caused by a spiral-shaped bacterium, takes about 48 hours to transmit; if you find a tick on your body and remove it within a day or two, you can usually escape a Lyme infection. POW, on the other hand, goes from the tick’s body, through its saliva, and into your bloodstream within a few minutes of a bite. So even though it’s not in many ticks, if the right one gets you, there’s not much you can do.

Tick-Proof Your Yard Without Spraying, Consumer Reports, May 27, 2017When working in the yard, wear a long-sleeved shirt, long pants, socks, and closed-toe shoes. Use insect repellent—the best in our tests provide more than 8 hours of tick protection. “And regardless of the time of year, perform a tick check as soon as you return indoors,” Goodman says.

What to do if you are bitten by a tick, NJ.com, May 26, 2017Sometimes it seems there is scary news about ticks nearly every day. An illness that struck a Connecticut baby reported by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in April bought the extremely rare – but dangerous – Powassan virus to the public’s attention. In the meantime, an unknown number of people have developed an allergy to beef, pork and lamb as a result of a bite from the Lone Star Tick. And that’s on top of the state’s 4,855 new cases of Lyme disease confirmed in 2015, according to the New Jersey Department of Health. When combined, they create a climate in which the sight of a poppy-sized bug noshing on your ankle can trigger a near panic attack.

Woman with tickborne Lyme disease now warning others, WoodTV.com, May 26, 2017Health officials say if you find a tick on your body, remove it quickly. The best method is slip tweezers, grasp the tick firmly and as close to the skin as possible and pull it off in a steady motion. Cleanse the area with antiseptic. Don’t use peppermint oil or a flame, which can irritate the tick and possible cause it to regurgitate whatever disease it has into you.

Man who died in motorcycle crash with deer was Navy veteran, grandfather, MLive, May 25, 2017The 57-year-old Navy veteran from Ypsilanti Township died Tuesday, May 23, in a motorcycle crash on Wiard Road.

Can Michigan save deer from this deadly disease?, Lansing State Journal, May 25, 2017Unchecked, chronic wasting disease has the potential to wipe out half or more of Michigan’s deer herd in heavily infected areas, disrupting the state’s $2.3 billion hunting economy. That’s the worst-case scenario. It’s already playing out in Wyoming, one of the first states to discover the disease in wild deer. A 2015 study projected that it could cause extinction of the Wyoming mule deer herd within 41 years.

Issues Of The Environment: Tick Explosion Likely In 2017, Washtenaw County Lyme Cases Increasing, NPR, May 24, 2017 2017 is predicted to be an abundant year for ticks, and residents of the greater Washtenaw County region need to be aware that Lyme disease, as well as other tick-borne illnesses, are possible. 2016 was the first summer that Lyme was reported to be transmitted in the county, with four of the 17 cases detected likely originating locally.

Motorcyclist dies after striking deer then being run over by car, Mlive, May 24, 2017A man died after his motorcycle struck a deer and he was then run over by a car near the intersection of Wiard Road at Tyler Road in Ypsilanti Township on Tuesday, May 23

Sad ending for deer found roaming in Jersey City, NJ.com, May 24, 2017A one-year-old male deer spotted strolling through the city’s McGinley Square neighborhood this morning was later caught and killed by state wildlife officials. Killing the deer was necessary because it could have carried a variant of mad cow disease [CWD] found in deer and elk called chronic wasting disease, according to New Jersey Department of Environmental spokeswoman Caryn Shinske.

Alec Baldwin Thought He’d ‘Die of Lyme Disease’ — What to Know About the Tick-Borne Illness, Boston Herald, May 23, 2017 Alec Baldwin is the latest celebrity to speak publicly about Lyme disease, sharing his personal story over the weekend at a benefit for the Bay Area Lyme Foundation. The actor and frequent Saturday Night Live guest told a crowd in Portola Valley, California that he suffered from Lyme disease symptoms every August for five years.

“The first time was the worst of all,” Baldwin said, describing “black lung, flu-like symptoms, sweating to death in my bed.” He remembered thinking at the time, “I’m not going to live,” and “I’m going to die of Lyme disease.”

Japanese women are entering the male-dominated world of hunting — at the government’s request, Businesss Insider, May 23, 2017Since the late 1990s, the deer population in Japan has shot up over 650%, from less than 400,000 to more than three million. Japanese women are entering the male-dominated world of hunting — at the government’s request Reuters reports that local Japanese governments are recruiting women through social media to enter the male-dominated world of hunting.

Lyme Disease on Rise Amid Diagnosis, Treatment Controversy, USNews, May 20, 2017About a year after the rash appeared on her arm, Wichner said she became light headed, broke out in sweats, and her vision was fuzzy. “It was like someone flipped a switch,” she said. “It hit me at work, and by the next afternoon or the next evening, my husband was taking me to the emergency room.”
Doctors there told Wichner she had a urinary tract infection, but she said she didn’t have any common symptoms associated with one. As Wichner got sicker, other doctors told her she was stressed or had PMS.
May has been designated as Lyme Disease Awareness Month in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Smith said Lyme awareness is increasing because cases are increasing and advocates and the Lyme community have demanded more information and attention from government agencies. Some have responded, but that wasn’t always the case, said Smith, a Bucks County native who lives in Monmouth County, New Jersey. “(Government agencies) could have prevented, I believe, many, many of the cases if they had spoken out over the first 20, 25 years,” she said.

Why parents are sending their kids to school with bug spray, New York Post, May 20, 2017Staten Island parents worried about Lyme disease and a rare but deadly new virus are adding insect repellent to the daily knapsack list as an explosion of ticks infests schoolyards. The anxiety is matched by their anger at the city for failing to take preventive measures. Staten Island’s deer population has been expanding unchecked for a decade — and the number of disease-carrying deer ticks has skyrocketed with it. The city’s latest estimate pegged the herd at 2,122, or 112 per square mile. “You see an ecological cascade when deer come into a system that had none for 100 years,” said ecologist Kevin Heatley, who studied the city’s deer, and warned of the arachnid invasion, in 2015. “One effect is going to be an increase in the number of ticks.”

Trees in Eastern U.S. Head West as Climate Changes, Scientific American, May 18, 2017Ecologists have long predicted that climate change will send plants and animals uphill and towards the poles in search of familiar temperatures. Such movements have increasingly been documented around the world. But a study now shows that changing rainfall patterns may be driving some tree species in the eastern United States west, not north. The team measured shifts in the centres of abundance for the 86 types of tree and found that over the past 30 years or so, 34% showed statistically significant poleward shifts at an average rate of 11 kilometers per decade. Forty-seven per cent made statistically significant westward shifts at an even faster rate — 15.4 kilometers per decade. Hardly any types of tree moved south or east.

Elk and deer herds in danger decades after disease discovery, Billings Gazette, May 17, 2017After decades of work, wildlife managers are, in some ways, starting over in figuring out how to manage the disease. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention still don’t recommend humans eat an infected animal, but there have been no cases of transmission. Nor did the disease initially tear through herds as quickly as first predicted. But that’s all starting to change. New models are showing that in the long term, mule deer numbers, particularly in central Wyoming, could plummet. Instead of raging through like an ancient plague, the disease kills slowly, taking years or even a decade, and spreading in ways no one quite understands. So Wyoming wildlife managers and researchers are regrouping, working at ground zero with new information and seeking input from the public as they race to grasp the full impact of — and possible solution to — one of the most deadly wildlife diseases facing the state.

25 wild deer test positive for chronic wasting disease, 27News.com, May 15, 2017 The Pennsylvania Game Commission says 25 wild deer have tested positive for chronic wasting disease in an area of the state where other wild deer have been found to have the fatal disease since 2012.

City votes to keep deer cull in the budget, Michigan Daily, May 15, 2017The city had conducted a survey in 2016 in which 54 percent of the more than 2,000 respondents indicated they approved of lethal methods of population management and 61 percent approved of non-lethal methods. [There was also mileages that were passed to support the other efforts.]

Officials: Lyme disease case confirmed in Michigan, WZZM13.com, May 13, 2017LIVINGSTON COUNTY, MICH. – Livingston County health officials say a deer tick carrying Lyme disease was discovered by a county resident last week, and they are warning residents to take steps to prevent tick bites. “It’s much safer for everyone to assume that it is in every part of the county, especially because the ticks this year are going to be worse than last year. The environmental conditions over winter made it really ideal for ticks,” Moxlow said.

Fargo’s 11th annual urban deer hunt sets new record, KFGO, May 12, 201749 deer were harvested in Fargo’s 11th annual 2016-2017 urban deer hunt. That’s a new record. The seasons run from the end of August through the end of January, in approved locations along the Red River, much of it park district property. Wittlesey says without the special season, the urban deer herd would grow out of control. Fargo started the bow hunt to curb the deer population in 2006 in response to complaints from property owners about damage and other problems caused by the deer population.

Experts caution public leading up to peak season for Lyme disease, GazetteExtra, May 10, 2017Susan Paskewitz, an entomology professor and expert on Lyme disease at UW-Madison, said the number of Lyme disease cases could be as much as 10 times the reported number. Paskewitz said researchers nationwide believe there could be an increase in the disease this year because of a larger mouse population. White-footed mice, which are “very important” to the disease, are a food source for immature ticks that carry Lyme disease and serve as a reservoir for the pathogen, she said.

See a deer eating a human for the first time in recorded history, International Business Times, May 10, 2017A human corpse was left on a 26-acre woodland site, known as a “body farm”, as part of a study to see how human bodies decompose in the wild – including the way animals interact with them. Other animals are often seen snacking on decomposing bodies but this is the first time that a deer has been seen helping itself.

Southfield City Council approves deer monitoring service, C&G News Southfield, May 10, 2017Nature Write will monitor the deer at 10 sites throughout the city over a span of one year, according to council documents. According to council documents, there is currently an average of one deer-related car accident per week in Southfield, and city leaders have been working on a plan for several months to try to combat the issue.

Two injured in deer-cycle crash, Leader-Telegram, May 10, 2017Two people suffered head injuries when their motorcycle struck a deer Saturday on U.S. 53 in Trempealeau County.
Plans for habitat and wildlife conservation need to consider the risk of Lyme disease, University of Glasgow, May 9, 2017Lead author Dr Caroline Millins, from the University of Glasgow’s School of Veterinary Medicine and Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine (BAHCM), said: “We identified several widespread conservation management practices which could affect Lyme disease risk: the management of deer populations, woodland regeneration, urban greening and control of invasive species.

Plans for habitat and wildlife conservation need to consider the risk of Lyme disease, Phys.org, May 7, 2017“We found that some management activities could lead to an increased risk of Lyme disease by increasing the habitat available for wildlife hosts and the tick vector. These activities were woodland regeneration and biodiversity policies which increase the amount of forest bordering open areas as well as urban greening. “However, if deer populations are managed alongside woodland regeneration projects, this can reduce tick populations and the risk of Lyme disease.”
Deer are often key to maintaining tick populations, but do not become infected with the bacteria.

Maine coyotes getting bigger, more wolflike, Portland Press Herald, May 7,2017Scientists say there’s a reason for that: With 8% wolf DNA, the coyote species that prowls the Northeast is an evolving hybrid that’s becoming a more effective predator of deer.

MSU to research Ann Arbor resident opinions on deer cull, Michigan Daily, May 5, 2017Michigan State University is conducting a survey study on Ann Arbor residents’ attitudes surrounding the city’s deer management program. The survey was commissioned by City Council to guide their efforts going forward, hoping to achieve their goal of 75 percent satisfaction with the program across the city.

Powassan Virus Is the Scary New Reason to Avoid Ticks, Time, May 4, 2017Lyme disease isn’t the only tick-borne illness that can come from a walk in the woods. Health experts are warning that another pathogen, Powassan virus, can cause dangerous inflammation in the brain and may be transmitted to humans much faster than Lyme.
The virus causes encephalitis, or swelling of the brain, and it kills about 10% of people who become sick, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). About half of people are left with permanent neurological problems.

Experts warn of increases in tick-borne Powassan virus, CNN, May 3, 2017Summer is nearly here, and it’s bringing fears of a rare tick-borne disease called Powassan. This potentially life-threatening virus is carried and transmitted by three types of ticks, including the deer tick that transmits Lyme disease. Over the past decade, 75 cases have been reported in the northeastern states and the Great Lakes region, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Though no one can say how many infections will occur this year, warmer winters have led to an increased tick population, so experts predict rising tick-borne infections of many types.

Everyone is at risk for Powassan: Newborns, 20-somethings, the middle-aged, the elderly and the immunocompromised. Anyone bitten by an infected tick can get it, said Dr. Jennifer Lyons, chief of the Division of Neurological Infections and Inflammatory Diseases at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. Infections are most likely during late spring, early summer and mid-fall, when ticks are most active.

New tick-borne virus worse than Lyme may be spreading, Cleveland19News, May 2, 2017The CDC warns that a new tick-borne virus that is much more serious than Lyme disease may be emerging in the U.S. Powassan Virus, which is rarer and more deadly than the bacteria that causes Lyme, is now carried by the deer tick, which has a broad range and often bites humans. Until recently, the disease was borne only by a tick that does not bite humans, and the risk was all but non-existent.

Prevent Lyme Disease, CDC Features, updated May 1, 2017Discourage deer. Deer are the main food source of adult ticks. Keep deer away from your home by removing plants that attract deer and by constructing barriers (like a fence) to discourage deer from entering your yard and bringing ticks with them. ​

Check For Ticks! Experts Warn Of Increased Lyme Disease Risk In Southeast Michigan, CBSDetroit, May 1, 2017The blacklegged tick is well-established in Michigan’s western Upper and Lower Peninsulas, according to the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services. However, the ticks are expanding into new areas across the Lower Peninsula. In 2016, there were 221 human cases of Lyme disease reported, and approximately two out of three cases reported exposure in Michigan. Tips: Avoiding tick-infested areas, Using insect repellent, Performing daily tick checks, Bathing or showering

Tick-Borne Powassan Virus May Be Spreading, Experts Worry, NBC News, May 1, 2017 As if Lyme disease isn’t troubling enough, a more serious tick-borne disease may be emerging, experts warn. Powassan virus, which is a far rarer and more deadly pathogen than the bacterium that produces Lyme, is also transmitted by the deer tick. The virus can cause inflammation in the brain, which leads to death or permanent disability in 60 percent of cases.

Lyme Disease confirmed in Washtenaw County ticks, Manchester Mirror, May 1, 2017Last summer, a local resident who had not traveled outside of the county was diagnosed with Lyme disease. Until then, local cases of Lyme disease have been related to travel to west Michigan or other states where infested tick populations are present. Of the 17 cases of Lyme in Washtenaw residents in 2016, four were likely exposed within the county. You can reduce your chances of getting a tick-borne disease by using repellents, wearing long sleeves and long pants tucked into socks, checking for ticks on your body, clothes and pets, and showering after being outdoors. Avoiding wooded and bushy areas with high grass is also recommended. If you have a tick bite followed by a fever or rash, seek medical attention.

Wild deer are behind rise in Lyme disease, doctors warn, The Times, May 1, 2017Rising numbers of wild deer could be behind a tenfold increase in Lyme disease, which is transmitted to humans by tick bites and can cause paralysis, meningitis and heart failure.

Lyme Disease Can be Transmitted by Ticks in Washtenaw County, EWashtenaw, 2017All residents and visitors are urged to “fight the bite” against ticks and tick-borne disease. Transmission season for Lymedisease in Michigan typically occurs from May through August, with a peak in June. Frequent tick checks are important during this time of year, as prompt removal of ticks can prevent Lyme disease infection.

April

Follow-up file: Deer herd rampages through Bettendorf neighborhood, QCTimes, April 30, 2017The now-retired biologist and Iowa State University master gardener is fed up with the deer problem in her Bettendorf neighborhood between Apple Valley and Aspen Hills Drive, so much so that she’s all but given up on her award-winning garden, which once was home to more than 250 rose bushes. She and her neighbors have witnessed and documented the deer population growing out of control and destroying vegetation despite. Elliott said she has tried every repellent she could find, including “Plantskydd, Deer Off, the Norwegian stuff, the garlic from Pennsylvania, soaps and sprays.”

Soaring deer numbers are behind growing problem of Lyme disease, warn experts, Telegraph, April 29, 2017Britain’s soaring deer population is fuelling the growing problem of Lyme disease, scientists have warned. The disease is transmitted through ticks which feed on deer, and then can be picked up by dogs and their owners when they walk through woodland.

Environmental charities back action to control deer numbers, The Press and Journal, April 29, 2017Scottish Environment Link, RSPB Scotland, National Trust for Scotland, Ramblers Scotland, Scottish Wildlife Trust, Trees for Life, Woodland Trust Scotland and John Muir Trust have all signed up for increased control. The group has called for the Scottish Government to move forward towards a modernised system they say will help deliver national targets on bio-diversity, climate change and woodland expansion. They have backed the Environment Climate Change and Land Reform (ECCLR) committee report, which criticizes the failure of the current system to protect important habitats because too many deer are damaging native woodland.

Keeping Up With Ticks, US News, April 26, 2017With the mild winter and a booming deer population, tick season has begun and bugs are biting. If you live anywhere that ticks appear, learn how to protect yourself from these parasites and their bites, which can lead to Lyme disease and other illnesses.

Effects of conservation management of landscapes and vertebrate communities on Lyme borreliosis risk in the United Kingdom, Transactions of the Royal Society, April 24, 2017

    Deer can feed large numbers of adult female ticks, which then lay eggs and produce the next generation of immature ticks, and deer are thus termed ‘tick reproduction hosts’ [39]. A great many studies have shown that deer can be instrumental in maintaining tick populations, such that areas with more deer also have more ticks [12,19,40–51] although there is some uncertainty in the precise relationship between deer density and tick density [52]. Some of these studies specifically tested the impact of deer management methods and, when deer numbers were reduced through culling or fencing, there were dramatic declines in the tick population.

Lyme disease a threat no matter the deer tick forecast, Wisconsin State Farmer, April 25, 2017The wood tick, also known as the American dog tick, is one of the most commonly encountered. Wood ticks can be associated with certain human diseases, such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever. The tick of greatest concern in the Midwest is the deer tick, associated with Lyme disease, although it can also carry anaplasmosis, babesiosis and other diseases. Deer ticks are relatively new to the upper Midwest and were not spotted in Wisconsin until the late 1960s. Fast forward 50 years, and these ticks can be found in nearly every corner of the state.

The rate of infectivity, or percentage of ticks carrying a disease, is worryingly high. Approximately 20 percent of juvenile deer ticks and 40 percent of adult deer ticks in Wisconsin are carrying the microorganisms responsible for Lyme disease — multiple bacteria species in the Borrelia genus. In some parts of state, the rate of infectivity has been documented at closer to 60 percent.

Pets that have wood ticks attached for extended periods of time may suffer from tick paralysis, a serious reaction to components of the parasite’s saliva.

Kelly Osbourne: I almost died from Lyme disease, Fox News, April 25, 2017She wrote, according to Us Weekly, “I had started entering my symptoms into online quizzes, and the results kept coming back Lyme disease. For the first time, someone listened to me, and I got tested. The results were positive: I had stage III neurological Lyme disease. I was relieved to finally know what was going on.

Tick and Lyme Disease Season Is Here: Worse Than Ever, WSJ, April 24, 2017Tick and Lyme disease season is here, and scientists warn this year it could be worse than ever. Dr. Goudarz Molaei joins Lunch Break’s Tanya Rivero to explain what triggered the rapid spread of the disease and how we can avoid being affected.

Bus driver says she swerved to miss deer before crash that injured 15, WYMT, April 24, 2017The bus was on the way to vocational school around 8 a.m. when it crashed Highway 28 near Gays Creek, between Buckhorn and Chavies. The driver of the bus said she swerved to avoid a deer when she lost control of the bus and ran over an embankment. Of the 14 students injured, 12 were taken to the hospital by ambulance and two left with their parents. School officials say the injuries are not life threatening.

Lyme disease researchers seek consensus as number of cases grows, UC Santa Cruz NewsCenter, April, 24, 2017A key missing piece in the Lyme disease puzzle is that scientists lack a detailed understanding of what limits populations of the Ixodes ticks that transmit the disease. Deer are the most important hosts for adult ticks, so the ticks are mostly absent from areas with no deer. But efforts to control ticks by reducing deer populations have had mixed results. “If you eliminate deer completely, you can usually eliminate ticks. But is there a number to which you can reduce the deer population and have an impact on Lyme disease?”

Baby, First Connecticut Victim Of Rare Tick-Borne Virus, Recovering, Hartford Courant, April 22, 2017Now almost 1, Liam became sick with the Powassan virus after being bitten by a tick in October. Transmitted by the same tick that transmits Lyme disease, Powassan is less common but potentially much more dangerous.

Deer herd increased 9,000% in 9 years on Staten Island, SLive, April 21, 2017Roaming the borough are between 1,918 and 2,188 deer, according to a new estimate from the city contractor giving vasectomies to borough bucks. That’s about four times the city’s last count and a 9,000 percent increase in the herd since 2008. A Parks Department contractor performed vasectomies on 642 adult bucks and 78 younger, non-breeding male deer without antlers during the first season of the city’s three year plan to cut down Staten Island’s herd.

What Do You Know About Lyme Disease?, HealthMarkets, April 17, 2017The best way to handle Lyme disease is to do everything you can to avoid getting it in the first place. The easiest approach is to avoid areas where ticks hang out—woods and brush with high grass or a covering of leaves. Be particularly wary of these locales in the warm months between April and September, when you’re more likely to encounter ticks. If you’re using a walkway or nature trail, resist the urge to go off the beaten path.

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