Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD)

In 2013, Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD) has been diagnosed in 7 deer in 6 counties. The laboratory confirmed deer are from Muskegon, Ottawa, Oceana, Ionia, Berrien, and Allegan counties. Small numbers of additional dead deer were reported associated with these mortalities. Total mortality estimates at this point are difficult to determine; final figures will be determined following the completion of the firearm deer season. It appears that the estimate will likely be in the 100 to 400 https://www.wc4eb.org/what/disease/epizootic-hemorrhagic-disease-ehd/deer range.

  • EHD found in Minnesota captive deer herd, Feedstuffs, Oct 19, 2018“This virus is transmitted between deer by biting midges, or gnats, which are most active in the fall before they are killed by the first frost of the season,” MBAH senior veterinarian Dr. Mackenzie Reberg said. “These bugs can’t travel far on their own, and we’re concerned by this detection because the herd owner hasn’t moved deer onto the property for several years.”
  • Deer Health: The Link Between Water And Deer Disease, Grandview Outdoors, Oct 11, 2018When infected by blue tongue or epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD), it sets up a potentially grueling demise for whitetails. Symptoms of these similar diseases appear within a week of being bitten — usually in the moist areas of the inner nose or eyelids — by a virus-carrying midge. The transmitter of these two similar diseases, Culicoides variipennis, a biting midge fly 0.5 mm long, lays its eggs in mud or sand on the edge of water. Adults emerge from larvae usually in the hot, dry months of August-September. Though adults live only about a month, the larvae can survive a year, thriving on decaying organic matter in their birthplace.
  • Deer hunts canceled at Holston Army Ammunition due to disease outbreak, June 26, 2018The Holston Army Ammunition Plant says it is canceling deer hunts at Holston Army Ammunition Plant in Kingsport due to a disease that is devastating the deer population. According to plant officials, the decision was made as a result of an outbreak of Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD) which it says already killed several deer late last summer.
  • Cases of deadly deer disease EHD decline in Illinois, Illinois News, Feb 24, 2018 New reports show the number of cases of a deadly deer disease have declined since 2012, when almost 3,000 deer in Illinois were infected by epizootic hemorrhagic disease. “The deer that survive the infection have resistance built up within them, and so the population has an amount of resistance that keeps it going for a number of years,” Dufford said.
  • Thirty dead deer found in area, TCTimes.com, Oct 27, 2017The Michigan Department of Natural Resources (DNR) pulled 11 dead deer from the Shiawassee River at Lillie Road in Argentine Township on Tuesday, Oct. 24. Nine additional dead deer were found near the water.  The deer died of EHD, or epizootic hemorrhagic disease, an acute, infectious disease contracted by wild ruminants, but most commonly white-tailed deer. The disease is often fatal.
  • Devastating disease killing deer in droves throughout Middleburg, Berea, Cleveland.com, Oct 5, 2017Epizootic (i.e. within its own species) hemorrhagic disease is as horrible as it sounds. A small midge bites the deer. Within five to 10 days, a high fever begins along with disorientation, lethargy and swelling of the head, neck, eyelids and tongue. Internal hemorrhaging and respiratory distress then follow, killing the deer within two days. The last EHD outbreak in Ohio was in 2012.
  • Hundreds of deer in Pittsburgh region dying from viral disease, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Sept 22, 2017Since August, as many as 1,000 white-tailed deer may have died from a viral disease in the greater Pittsburgh area. The state Game Commission is monitoring the spread of epizootic hemorrhagic disease in parts of Allegheny, Beaver and Washington counties. Today it was also confirmed in Butler and Lawrence counties.
  • Wildlife Experts Tracking Reports of Recent Deer Deaths, Maryland.gov, Sept 13, 2017The department’s wildlife experts are tracking possible cases of Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease or EHD, a common, naturally-occurring disease among white-tailed deer that typically occurs nationwide in the late summer and early fall.
  • Outbreak: Nearly 1,000 Deer Dead From Virus That Causes Internal Bleeding, CBSLocal.com, Sept 22, 2017This latest outbreak of EHD was first noticed in Beaver County in August. It has since spread to Washington County and Puhala says northern Allegheny County — Wexford, Marshall Township, Pine Richland, West Deer, and most recently Indiana Township and O’Hara. “We find or smell dead deer, on a daily basis. New dead deer,” she said. “At least five a week since late August.”
  • Deer in Genesee County tests positive for EHD, MI DNR News, Sept 20, 2017The Michigan Department of Natural Resources Wildlife Disease Laboratory and the Michigan State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory today announced they have confirmed that a free-ranging white-tailed deer in Genesee County has died from epizootic hemorrhagic disease. EHD is a viral disease, sometimes fatal, found in wild ruminants such as white-tailed deer, mule deer and elk. There is no known effective treatment for, or control of, EHD in wild populations. The disease has been seen for decades in many areas of the United States.
  • In South Dakota, first documented hemorrhagic disease deer deaths in 2017, Outdoors, Sept 6, 2017EHD was recently confirmed by laboratory analysis in a white-tailed deer in eastern Harding County and a white-tailed deer in western Butte County.

    Not sure of dates on this, but first time I’ve seen it, March 1, 2017.

  • Deadly Deer Disease Hits Kentucky, Lex18.com,July 31, 2017A deadly deer disease is hitting the population of wildlife in eastern Kentucky. Epizootic hemorrhagic disease, also known as EHD or “Blue Tongue” is spreading in multiple counties. Reports of dead deer are being called in to fish and wildlife officials across the state.
  • More than 2,000 deer reported dead in S.D. disease outbreak , Capital Journal, Nov 29, 2016Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease, a viral disease that killed more than 3,700 deer in 2012, has impacted the population this year, with more than 2,000 deer found dead in 23 counties, The Mitchell Daily Republic reported.
  • After 2-year break, DNR finds a deer dead of EHD virus, Detroit Free Press, Sept 29, 2016 A deer in southwestern Michigan has died from a disease that killed more than 12,000 in the state in 2012.
  • Single deer in Berrien County tests positive for EHD, MI DNR News, Sept 29, 2016The Michigan Department of Natural Resources Wildlife Disease Lab and the Michigan State University Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health today announced they have confirmed that a deer in Berrien County has died from epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD), a sometimes-fatal viral disease found in wild ruminants. Deer deaths from EHD in Michigan have occurred sporadically since 2006. Prior to 2006, EHD outbreaks in Michigan occurred in 1955 and 1974. The estimated mortality has varied from 50 to 1,000 deer per year in the affected isolated areas. In 2012 the largest die-off occurred, with an estimated loss of over 12,000 deer. No cases of EHD were confirmed in the state in either 2014 or 2015.
  • Warm, dry weather can trigger wildlife diseases, MI DNR Bulletin, Sept 2016Given this summer’s hot and dry weather in many parts of the state, staff at the Michigan Department of Natural Resources Wildlife Disease Laboratory in Lansing has been looking at wildlife diseases affecting deer and waterfowl. “Due to the prolonged, dry, hot weather this year, we would not be surprised to see EHD emerge,” said Tom Cooley, DNR wildlife biologist and pathologist. “Mortality numbers depend on the strain of the virus, and how widespread the disease is – die-offs usually occur within one watershed area. If multiple watersheds are involved, the total mortality is higher.”
  • Viral disease killing hundreds of deer in the region, Spokesman-Review, Oct 2, 2015A drought-stoked outbreak of viral disease first detected in August is killing hundreds of deer from the Colville area south to the Lewiston region, wildlife biologists from Washington and Idaho say. At least 68 whitetails dead from bluetongue have been collected in the town of Colville, Terry LeCaire, manager of the city’s streets department, said Friday.

    Bluetongue has killed mostly white-tailed deer, but in recent weeks the disease also has been confirmed in some dead mule deer.
  • Scattered EHD Outbreaks Reported in 2015, QDMA, Sept 21, 2015Hemorrhagic disease (the collective name for EHD and bluetongue) pops up every year in late summer and early fall, usually during hot, dry weather when conditions are good for the tiny flying insects that spread the virus from deer to deer. Deer congregate to drink at the few available water sources, where the biting midges also reproduce and swarm. Symptoms include high fever and thirst, so sick and dead deer are often found in or near bodies of water.
  • Deer disease keeps worsening in Wisconsin, as predicted, WisconsinWatch.org, March 21, 2015More alarming still, the disease rate among adult male deer has reached 40 percent in north-central Iowa County and around 25 percent in two other sectors. And CWD is no longer found only in southern Wisconsin.
  • Down firearm deer hunting season expected for Southwest Michigan as herd recovers from EHD, MLive, Nov. 10, 2014Hunters in Southwest Michigan may see more deer during the Nov. 15-30 firearm season than last year, but the deer herd is still down significantly from previous years as it recovers from disease outbreaks that ravaged the population in 2012.
  • Insect-spread deer disease found in Muskegon Co., Michigan Radio, Sept 9, 2013The DNR says infected deer can suffer extensive internal bleeding, lose their appetite and fear of humans, grow weaker, salivate excessively and lose consciousness. It says sick or dying deer often are found along or in bodies of water.
  • EHD found in Michigan deer herd, OutdoorNews, Sept 2013EHD was rarely found in Michigan white-tailed deer until eight years ago. Since then it has been a regular visitor to the state. In addition to the recent outbreak in Muskegon County the DNR estimates that EHD killed at least 13,000 deer in 30 counties, mostly in southern Michigan, in 2012; 300 to 400 deer in Livingston County in 2009; 150 to 200 deer in Oakland and Macomb counties in 2008
  • Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD) in White-Tailed Deer, MI, Emerging Diseases, 2013
  • ‘Don’t Veer for Deer’ – Though It May Be a Disease that Puts the Animals in Jeopardy, Rochester-Rochester Hills Patch, October 24, 2012The Michigan DNR is reporting that the deer disease EHD is back in the state this year, and it’s hit Oakland County.
  • Connections found between wetland cover, transmission rates of hemorrhagic disease in white-tailed deer, University of Georgia, Odum School of Ecology, July 2013They found in counties where wetland acreage increased from 1992 to 2001, reports of illness also increased. Where wetlands decreased, reports of illness decreased as well. Park explained this might be due in part to the habitat needs of biting midges that transmit hemorrhagic disease viruses. “They like to lay their eggs in wet mud habitats, areas like pond edges and bogs,” he said.
    But when it came to deaths from hemorrhagic disease, it was a different story. The researchers found no relationship between increasing rates of death and increasing wetlands, or any other land cover type, for that matter.
  • Deer Disease Discovered in Washtenaw County, Patch Saline, Oct 16, 2012More than 8,700 deer have been found dead across Michigan from Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease.
  • DNR seeking EHD in deer, Oxford Leader, Oct12, 2012
  • Deer Disease Discovered in Washtenaw County, The Patch, Oct 16, 2012
  • Michigan is experiencing outbreaks of Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD) in deer. MSU Extension, September 26, 2012
  • Deer-killing EHD virus found in Washtenaw County, Ann Arbor News, Sept 25, 2012A virus that’s killing thousands of white-tailed deer in Michigan has made its way to Washtenaw County
  • Michigan Infested with EHD – 4,217 Whitetails Dead, venaticfanatics.com (blog), Sept 25,2012EHD is transmitted from deer to deer through the bite of a midge (small fly) called a biological vector.
  • Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease, Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study (SCWDS) group
  • Hemorrhagic Disease of White-tailed Deer, Southern Cooperative Disease Study, U. Georgia
  • Diseases Caused by the Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus Serogroup, Center for Food Security and Public Health, University of Iowa, 2006

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